The cultural organization of the prison also advocates for inadequate supervision of the inmates and ease in the availability and distribution of harmful weapons in the prison setting. Moreover, inmates with the worst criminal record such as murder or rape are kept in close proximity encouraging them to develop self confidence in their actions and therefore formulate a regime that further victimizes the defenseless victims. This has favored the increased rates of prisoner rape cases, homosexuality, suicide attempts, prison riots and convict escape cases degrading the morals of the inmates.
Research studies have approximated that about 25% of all prison inmates suffer from the above predicament (Roberts & Hough 90). About 55% of the raped victims mutilate themselves to become less attractive to the other inmates resulting to suicidal attempts and mental retardation (Roberts & Hough 97). Overall the prison system has managed to reform prisoners securing the safety of the society. The timetable of the correction facilities is a cyclic event which combined with the desire of the inmates to attain prison incentives such as provision of penal labor makes them adhere to the principle of regularity and order.
This helps them to become more responsible and hardworking with a goal of being regarded in the society. Prisons also help inmates to unify and leave as a community by issuing them with uniforms which play a big part in curbing the pride of some inmates who regard themselves with superiority. The concept of uniforms is to make the inmates look equal and thus destroy personality identity and individual spiritualism helping them to accept the wrongs they have committed and thus take the initiative of reforming.
This helps them to correlate well with the community upon their release thus positively benefiting the society (Western 176). However, due to the increased rates of repetition in offenses committed and the inefficiency of the prison system due to the high costs incurred, other alternative ways of dealing with criminals have been devised. The devised strategies include retroactive justice models which aim at rehabilitating the prisoners by making them accountable to their actions without changing the context of judicial verdict to reform prisoners who are convicted for a short period of time.
Transformative justice models rehabilitate prisoners who have long term convictions. These models not only aim at making the convicts accountable for their actions but also help them to become innovative and thus beneficial to the society. These models are non custodial and encourage the interaction of the convicts with the society through use of community service order, family group conferences, compensation order, conditional discharge and mediation of the offender among others ( Roberts and Hough 57-195).
Therefore nations should aim at improving the efficacy of correction facilities and the judicial systems the rate of criminal and unjust acts to decrease resulting to the development of a noble nation.
Works CitedHawkins, Gordon. The Prison: Policy and Practice. 4th Ed. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2002. Roberts, Julian and Hough, J. M. Changing Attitude to Punishment: Public Opinion, Crime and Justice. Uffculme UK: Willan Publishing, 2002. Western, Bruce. Punishment and Inequality in America. NY: Russell Sage Foundation, 2006.