Courtroom work group week 3

There are many parts of the courtroom work group professionals who successfully pursuit justice and the process of convicting a criminal. The courtroom work group has a major role in convicting and finalizing a case. In the courtroom work group, there are three groups of people that hold the entire courtroom together. Without the work group, the courtroom would not flow, and coming to a conclusion to the case would not be as easy. The work group is made up of the Judge, the Defense Attorney, Public Defender, Court Recorders, and the Prosecutor Attorney.Which all are part of the courtroom work group which they work together to reach a decision, in the case by interacting among themselves and who’s involved an implicit recognition and rule of civility, cooperation, and sharing their goals. There are many roles in the work group, and if they are not all followed through with then the results could be different than what they should be. In this paper, we will look at the roles of the prosecutor, how the criminal justice funnel effects the courtroom work group and what will help eliminate the funnel and reduce the backlog of cases.The courtroom work group is composed of various people who make the court systems work to the best of their ability. Each person has its position, and she/he is responsible for their part. We can start from the top, first we have a Judge, he/she is responsible for imposing the proper judging techniques in the courtroom, and they are to make sure the accused rights are not violated in the courtroom. Then we have a defense attorney, and the defense attorney is to defend his client against any wrongdoing by the court and prove his client is innocent of the chargesbeing brought to him/her. A defense attorney can either be hired by the client, or the courts can appoint one to the accused. Prosecutors are there to represent the people and that justice is served if a criminal act has been committed. Then there is the bailiff, he or she is a sheriff in the courts, they announce COURTROOM WORK GROUP 3 the entry of the court; they are also there to put order in the court if in case there is an incident. For example, in 1992, Texas, Tarrant two attorneys were killed and another injured, the bailiff is there to prevent those types of incidents.Then we have the local court administrator; they facilitate the courts to function in a smooth way and court management. The court reporter and court clerks, the court reporter, type’s everything that is said in court, the courts want to keep accurate accounts of what is said, not only that, they used the transcripts for certain court cases as examples. Then the courts handle the courts pleas, motions and maintain a record of all the cases. All these people cross path each and every day in the courts, they ensure that all parties are being respected and that no law is being abused by either party.The only thing I would change in the handling of the data by local authorities and the prosecuting office, they should ensure that all data is obtained legally. The role of the prosecutor boils down to three main goals. The prosecutor is responsible for investigating the crime committed, decide whether or not to proceed with legal proceeding, and finally, if legal proceedings are instigated to appear in court.The prosecutor has more contact with everyone involved with the crime than maybe anyone else. He or she has contact with the person suspected of the crime, the victim, witnesses, and also works alongside the police to investigate and ensure the correct person is held accountable. Once all the evidence is gathered up, he or she will decide whether or not to legally pursue it in a court of law. If a prosecutor takes on a case without the proper investigation and gathering of evidence it will only reflect poorly on them once the case appears in court. Most prosecutors will not take a case unless there is a substantial amount of evidence to ensure a conviction. If the crime is a minor offense, and the suspects admit guilt, the prosecutor will impose the fine (“American Bar Association”, 2014).COURTROOM WORK GROUP 4 The criteria for taking a case has to be a fair balance between doing a proper investigation to ensure you have enough evidence to prosecute and making sure the courts are not overwhelmed with cases that should never be pursued. Making the criteria more stringent would possibly benefit the criminal by prosecutors and police having to produce too much evidence in order to go to trial. Making the criteria less stringent would overwhelm the court system with too many cases and cost the tax payer and put a burden on the state trial budget.Our justice system is sometimes referred to as “Assembly line justice. ” The case load of a typical judge is so overwhelming that the judge does not have the ability to give the necessary amount of time to each defendant that comes before the court. This is the origin of the funnel effect in our criminal justice system. Every day we see traffic stops, citations, and arrests being made, but not all of them spend a significant amount of time in our criminal justice system. As these cases move along, many are eliminated through fines or plea deals.Plea deals allow the courts to free up the judges’ time and eliminate an expensive trial by allowing the defendant to plead guilty to a lesser charge in exchange for a reduced sentence, which takes many of the lower cases out of the system. In fact, only 3% of the defendants in our criminal justice system ever serve time in prison (Pearsons, 2014). In order to eliminate the funnel and minimize the case backlog, cases need to be eliminated from the system. One way this can be done is by legalizing marijuana.There are hundreds of cases each year for people who possess or use small amounts of marijuana, and each of these cases must make their way through the criminal justice system. There is the initial arrest and review by the district attorney, the pre-trial hearing with the judge, and the public defenders time that is often needed to defend the accused. All of this can be eliminated by simply legalizing a drug that is already legal in two states for recreational use, and legal for medical use in 20 states COURTROOM WORK GROUP 5 (Procon. org, 2014). These resources could then be used to battle more important crimes that are impacting real victims. The three strikes law is also a way to eliminate cases from the system.If a person is convicted of three crimes, he or she is considered a repeat offender in the eyes of the court and is sentenced to life in prison. From a punishment perspective, this may seem a bit harsh, but looking at the likelihood that this person will continue to re-enter the criminal justice means that locking them up after their third strike will take those future cases out of the system. It also frees up future law enforcement resources because this person will not need to be arrested or investigated in the future.The courtroom work group consists of many entities, to ensure the rights of the accused as well as the rights of the victim and the public. The group of people making up the courtroom work group each performs their daily duties with the ultimate goal of seeing that justice is served. The prosecutor carries a great responsibility in the courtroom work group he/she must first make the decision whether or not to go forth with a case, and then state and prove that case before a judge and jury. Judges hold the most control in the courtroom, but do overwhelming schedules, and other constraints use “assembly line justice” as a means to expedite the court process.The criminal justice funnel and case back log make the pursuit of justice a challenging task for the courtroom work group, but the changing of several currently standing laws will aide in the elimination of the funnel and reduce the amount of backlog cases. References American Bar Association. (2014). COURTROOM WORK GROUP 6 Schmalleger, F. (2011). Criminal justice today: An introductory text for the 21st century (11th Ed. ). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson/Prentice Hall Chapter 9: The Courts: Structure and ParticipantsISBN: 9780135074091 Author: Frank Schmalleger Copyright © Pearson Education (2011) COURTROOM WORK GROUP 7.