The United States court system is composed of numerous sections of bodies of law that function together to ensure justness is served in fulfillment with the United States Constitution, federal, state and local laws. These organizations include law enforcement, the courts and, correction system all of which have a legitimate responsibility to maintain the American Peoples trust. I am a strong advocate for our court system, although it can use some fine-tuning every level of Justice could stand some improvement but that takes time, commitment and the right officials in office.
The court system was formed to separate the innocent from the guilty when a disparity has surfaced or developed. In the criminal justice system everyone is entitled to a fair and unbiased trial. We will be identifying and describing the distinguishing features of the major court system ranging from state level, superior court and federal district court through the U. S. Supreme Court. Second we will discuss the key players, jurisdiction rules, and interpretation on issues and the effect of evolving technologies on the court proceeding at all levels in the court system. Major Court System State Level:
Within the U. S.each state has a court system with a lower court, an appellate court and a Supreme Court that functions similar to the Supreme Court of the U. S. Four levels exist within the State Court: The lower court also known as the court of limited Jurisdiction which represents the first level in which minor cases are seen. Citizens whom are accused of not paying parking fines, those accused of prostitution, DUI and those accused of disorderly conduct in public are also tried in this court. The second state court is the general jurisdiction of Criminal Courts these include the district court, circuit court, superior court or county court.
The kinds of cases usually presented at this level of court are those requiring a jury in order to help determine the accused guilt, or innocence. The appellate method suggests checks on the courts and criminal Justice system to validate that errors do not negatively affect the fairness of trial procedures and defendants’ rights. The appellate court does not normally reevaluate each case managed by trial courts, nor does it assume responsibility over cases that are appealed to them by suspicious individuals. There are especially impartial firm time limits when appeals are assembled.
It is very normal for the appellate court to require that appeals be presented to the court within 30 days of the decision being appealed. The appellate process disturbs the court by asking that unwarranted cases be tried. It also affects the criminal justice system because there no a stipulation included about what cases should be appealed and whose cases should be appealed basically anyone who is unsatisfied with the results of his or her case and have a lawyer can attain a case in the appellate courts. Federal Court:
The Supreme Court requires the chief of justice of the U.S. along with eight associates of justice, responsibilities and specific guideline as recognized by congress. The Supreme Court hears a fractional amount of cases it is asked to make decisions on. Within the Supreme Court most cases that have begun in the federal or state court involve vital questions about federal laws or the constitution. The Court of appeals hears all appeals from the district court situated within its Regional Circuits. The court of appeals tries cases decided by the court of federal claims and international trade.
Federal, civil and criminal cases are all tried in the district court. With each state there is at least one federal district. The differences within the state and the federal courts are the state has lower courts to deal with minor crimes, whereas the federal deals with more elaborate cases. State court is established by state while the U. S. Constitution established the federal system. Key Players: After observing a synopsis of how a courtroom operates, I determined that the key players in a courtroom are the judge, court reporter, clerk and bailiff.
Other vital role players are the prosecutor, the defense attorney defendant, jurors and witnesses. In the court of law the judge is the central figure in a courtroom, the court reporter records all minutes in court. There are many traits that can be identified as characteristics of a good judge it can be moral standards, emotional intellectual, capabilities and physical attributes. A judge is an unbiased person who can make sound or fair decisions to include being a keen observer. He or she is knowledgeable of all laws in the country.
Prosecutors are responsible for preserving the rule of law from the time of investigation to the time of conviction or acquittal. The characteristics of a good prosecutor are to arrange and present an indictment. He or she must be a good listener meaning have judgment and maintain the duty to be fair and impartial to those being accused. The majority of clients in dire need of a defense attorney are usually prepared for spending a good amount of money for a reputable defense counsel. A worthy defense attorney must posses fair negotiating skills.
He or she must be competent enough to defend and represent anyone who has been accused of a crime. A Witness in a case is required to be sworn and answer questions presented by the prosecutor or defense attorney without volunteering any other knowledge. The witness justifies what happened at the scene of the crime and also to gives a sworn account of what transpired. A bailiff provides the court with safety and security, he or she assists the judge with maintaining order in the court, and controls all who enter and leaves the courtroom.
Every jurisdiction has its own procedure for how a court determines rulings. Congress has implemented federal courts with a limited amount of jurisdiction in areas such as, federal claim, tax court and the Court of international trade. Integration of technology within the U. S. court systems has been altered by practices in today’s society. There are many types of new technologies that exist in the modern courtroom. Laptops, video cameras, flat screen TV’s and video projection displays are key in courtroom operations.
With courts adopting technology as daily use proceedings in a court are able to run smoother and data as well as digital media can be stored for review at a later date. In order for a court system to operate at maximum efficiency rules and guidelines must be set in place and must be followed. If rules are not clear and understandable the people will not have an understanding of laws and may be left confused. The Public’s perception is that Courts are supposed to be fair.
Although our court system may make mistakes the system has enough check and balances to ensure that more good is carried out and less injustice is served. References Adler, F. , Mueller, G. O. W. , & Laufer, W. S. (2009). Criminal justice: An introduction (5th ed. ). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill. Ortmeier, P. J. (2009). Introduction to security: Operations and management (3rd ed. ). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson/Prentice Hall USCOURTS. (2011). Retrieved from http://www. uscourts. gov/.