Evidence is the information offered to a judge or jury that is utilized to convince them to decide the case in agreement to one side or the other. Evidence is the most crucial part of a trial, given that it can either acquit or convict an accused (Money Instructor, n. d. ). Usually, evidence can consist of video, government records, laboratory reports, photographs, documents, and witness testimony. Nevertheless, evidences are generally categorized to three types including the testimonial evidence, real evidence, and documentary evidence.
Testimonial evidence is a verbal or written declaration presented in a court as an evidence of the legitimacy of what is being declared. It consists of testimony and hearsay evidence. Although testimonial evidence is expected to directly connect the suspect to a crime, it can still be very subjective and is susceptible to inaccuracy, since it can be easily influenced by others who have personal agenda. Real evidence is a type of physical evidence that includes objects that were implicated in a case or basically used in the transaction or incident under deliberation.
Firearm residue and fingerprints are species of real evidence that are considerably strong evidence, enough to prove conviction. However, admission of real evidence entails verification, a presentation of relevance, and a presentation that the object is unchanged or considerably in the unchanged condition from the time the crime was committed to the time it was presented in court. Finally, documentary evidence is any evidence established at a trial in the form of documents.
There are several types of documentary evidence that may be used in trial, such as printed emails, films, recordings, tapes, photographs, diaries, etc. Nevertheless, the opposing attorney may object to the admission of any of the documentary evidences, as it must still be verified by other evidences that the document is authentic, and it must be the best evidence or the original document. Reference Money Instructor. (n. d. ). What is Evidence? Retrieved February 23, 2009, from http://www. moneyinstructor. com/art/evidenceinfo. asp