Week 2 Learning Team B Assignment Court Comparison Contrast Paper States and federal court system State The state court system is diverse and each state has its own judiciaries. The state has organized systems of courts and special court groups. Inferior courts are the lowest level of state courts that includes municipal, magistrate, police, and county, justice of the peace, and traffic courts, sometimes informal with minor civil and criminal cases. Superior court handles serious offenses known as state district court, circuit courts, and many others.
Superior courts are by counties, hear appeals from inferior courts, have jurisdiction on major civil suits, serious crimes, and the nations jury trials occur. The appellate court is the highest state court involving appeals of state supreme courts where appeals are heard from the state superior courts and sometimes has jurisdiction on curtain important cases. New York is one of the largest states with intermediate appellate courts from superior courts and state’s highest courts with special tribunals of a wide variety mostly done by the inferior court level, such as juvenile court, probate, family, divorce, small claims, and housing courts.
Out of more than 1,000 state courts and judges who are appointed or elected will handle the majority of trails in the United States every year. Federal court According to Article III of the Constitution, the federal court system is known to be the less complicated. The United States judicial power is the Supreme Court and occasionally inferior courts at times to establish and ordain by Congress. Federal judiciary divides in three levels. The original jurisdiction in some cases of federal law is known to be the federal district courts and at the bottom with 92 districts, one branch in each state, in Puerto Rico, District of Columbia.
There are one to 21 judges in each district. The district court judges who are appointed by the President, serving for life, and some federal jurists. Violations of the Constitution or federal laws, maritime disputes, involvement with federal government, the state, citizens of foreign countries, foreign government, or citizens of two or more states involved. The next is the district courts, the United Stated courts of appeals, superior to one or more district courts composed of 11 judicial courts established in 1891 by Congress throughout 50 states with six to 27 judges in each.
Courts of appeal have jurisdiction in cases involving challenges of orders of a federal regulatory agency as Securities and Exchange Commission (Columbial Electonic Encyclopedia, n. d). The supreme court of the United States is the highest court of the federal system, mandated by the Constitution since 1869 composed of a chief justice and eight associate justices located in Washington, DC in hearing all final jurisdictions on cases.
This court may review decisions from the United States courts of appeal and also choose to hear appeals from the state appellate courts if a federal constitutional issue is involved, possessing the original jurisdiction on limited cases involving high-ranking diplomats from other nations or between two states. Other federal judiciary have group of courts to handle limited types of disputes, including special federal court of court of court of federal claims on monetary claims with Tax Courts and the United States government.
Special court judges do not serve for life. Courts-martial for cases in the military are handled by the United States Armed Forces. References Court System in the United States. (2011). Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th edition, 1. Retrieved on April 25, 2012 http://ehis. ebscohost. com/eds/detail? sid=1e90e074-ff5c-479a-87f7-fcec2ee1977f%40sessionmgr114&vid=3&hid=103&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWRzLWxpdmU%3d#db=f5h&AN=39001097 Meyer, J. , & Grant, D. (2003). The courts in our criminal justice system. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.