The United States government was somewhat based on the beliefs of the Romans although very different. Like the majority of other countries, The U.S. has three main bodies which include the judicial branch, the legislative branch and the executive branch. The governments of Rome and the United States of America differ in many different ways and have changed and will continue to change throughout the years.
In the executive Power of the United States we have one leader, or head of state, which is a president. The president enforces laws that are passed by congress. In Rome however, there are consuls who handle public affairs and lead armies. Magistrates are under consuls and are subject to them. They have limited terms, summoned assemblies, introduced measures and popular decrees. The executive branch differs in both countries because in the United States the Vice President is the president of senate, Veto power and may force adjournment, whereas in Rome they introduce ambassadors into their senate.
The judicial Power of the United States has bodies that judge and interpret laws. This branch controls other branches. The judicial branch determines whether the acts of congress and president are constitutional. Other bodies control the judicial branch by nominating Supreme Court justices and federal judges. In the Roman Constitution twenty-eight judges are elected every two years. These judges decide punishment for criminals and they interpreted the Twelve Tables. There are other parts of this branch such as index, heard evidence and tried cases, proctors, commanded armies and judicial duties and quaesters, these people helped leaders with finances and also had criminal justice responsibilities.
The legislative branch has the authority to change or to create laws in both Rome and the United States. Among this branch are congress and senates. The legislative bodies of the Roman government were called the tribal assemblies. This included The Roman assembly and the second assembly. The Roman assembly would gather to elect magistrates, enact laws and try judicial cases. The second type of assembly was the concilium, or the council. This was a specific group of citizens where they would vote for anything that had to do with this branch.
A conventio, or convention, on the other hand was a group that would get together and debate rather than vote. In comparison to the legislative branch of Rome, the United States introduces a Bill of congress. Anyone is eligible to write it but only those who are members of the Congress are able to introduce Legislation. After a bill is introduces to the branch, it is given to the right committee to be revised.
Governments all over the world may have similar branches and some may have the complete opposite. Like Rome and the United States, the majority are very distant in the way they are run. The governments of Rome and the United States of America differ in many different ways and have changed and will continue to change throughout the years.