The constitution guarantees the right of every person to secure in their homes. The Founders believed that it is in our home that we should feel the safest. But nowadays, women are often in a greater danger in the place where they should be safest that is inside their homes with their families. Contrary to the view of our Founders, home for many is where they encounter terror and violence and face threats to their life and limbs from somebody close to them. The term domestic violence as it is used today includes violence by an intimate partner and by other family members, wherever this violence takes place and in whatever form.
Domestic violence against women is prevalent nowadays. It is a social problem that needs to be addressed as it poses a threat towards the security of women in their persons and in their homes. It is a threat from which the victim has nowhere to hide, because the violence happens where they should be safe and is inflicted by the persons who ideally should make them feel the safest. The United Nations Declaration on the Elimination of Violence against Women (1993) defines violence against women as “any act of gender-based violence that results in, or is
likely to result in, physical, sexual or psychological harm or suffering to women, including threats of such acts, coercion or arbitrary deprivation of liberty, whether occurring in public or in private life. ” Around three million women are physically abused by their husband or boyfriend per year and nearly one-third of American women (31 percent) report being physically or sexually abused by a husband or boyfriend at some point in their lives, according to a 1998 Commonwealth Fund survey (The Commonwealth Fund, 1998).
According to Heise and Gottemoeller, around the world, at least one in every three women has been beaten, coerced into sex or otherwise abused during her lifetime(Heise and Gottemoeller,1999). Domestic violence against women is often a cycle of abuse that manifests itself in many forms throughout their lives from pre-birth to infancy and girlhood to adolescence to the elderly all stages (http://www. unicef-icdc. org/publications/pdf/digest6e. pdf see table
1). A Unicef study shows that domestic violence exist both industrialized and developing countries (http://www. uniceficdc.org/publications/pdf/digest6e. pdf see table 2). The prevalence of domestic violence around the globe calls for a global awareness and a concerted effort of prevention from all persons because each woman is a possible victim.
The Commonwealth Fund, Health Concerns Across a Woman’s Lifespan: 1998 Survey of Women’s Health, May 1999 Heise, L. , Ellsberg, M. and Gottemoeller, M. Ending Violence Against Women. Population Reports, Series L, No. 11. , December 1999 The United Nations Declaration on the Elimination of Violence against Women (1993) General Assembly Resolution 48/104 of 20 December 1993.