Deviant acts can essentially be identified as those which depart from the norms that society establishes for normal behavior, usually triggered by a disassociation from society, especially by those who place a low value on the act of conformity with the behavior of so-called civilized society (Massey & Krohn, 1986).
Given the assumed high level of intelligence that the doctor in this case would have to possess in order to develop such technology as presented, it is a fair and safe assumption that such an individual would feel out of place with conventional society because of his high intelligence level which would likely make him feel isolated and disassociated with the whole of society. It is this isolation and disassociation that makes it possible to identify the doctor’s actions as those which can be categorized as deviant.
Whenever innovative research such as the doctor in this case is undertaking emerges, the potential abuse of technology must also be considered. This being understood, it would appear that the key question in this case is where the line between technological innovation and abuse lies, if such a line does in fact exist. The work that the doctor proposes to conduct essentially breaks the barrier between man and nature; when organisms are created at the hands of other creatures such as humans rather than through the processes of evolution or natural selection, technology is being used in a way that it had never been successfully used before.
Therefore, the question remains whether this is a well suited advancement of new technology or if technology is somehow being perverted for an ulterior purpose or motive. At this early stage of the research, it would appear that the technology is not being abused; however, there are some established parameters that, if crossed, could qualify this research as abusive of technology. While admittedly a slippery slope, conventional science is of the opinion that if research causes needless suffering of any living organism, abuse exists (Singleton & Burghardt, 1994).
Conclusion Through the course of this research, it has been possible to determine that there is a vast difference between legal and deviant behavior, useful research and abuse of technology, and that the law will certainly need to evolve with society to address controversial issues. Therefore, in closing, perhaps the most accurate assertion that can be made is that the public and legal authorities must remain vigilant as science and technology change if society is to remain safe and civilized.
Works Cited Allen, F. A. (1996). The Habits of Legality: Criminal Justice and the Rule of Law. New York: Oxford University Press. Massey, J. L. , & Krohn, M. D. (1986). A Longitudinal Examination of an Integrated Social Process Model of Deviant Behavior. Social Forces, 65(1), 106-134. Singleton, R. , Ellis, G. B. , & Burghardt, G. M. (1994). Transgenic Organisms, Science and Society. The Hastings Center Report, 24(1), 4+.