The word conjugal literally depicts the activities that take place or exist in a marriage relationship or simply the rights associated with marriage. However, it is a word meant to cover intimacy life of wife and husband and not the whole family. The word leans more on the sexual affairs of the couple. Conjugal visitation refers to a planned, scheduled and authorized visit of a prisoner by his or her legally recognized inmate and therefore allowed to spend a specified time or period with the prisoner in private apartments.
The visitation takes place in secret place but still under authority’s concern, surveillance, and within the prison grounds. The mostly used structures are trailers and cabins, where items like towels, pillows, sheets, tissues, condoms, soap and perfumes may be provided. This paper tries to elaborate the need and significance of conjugal visitations (Joel, 2005, p. 51) The major importance of this process is to ensure that family bond between the prisoners and family members exist. Other benefits of the scheme include motivating the prisoner to come out of the lawlessness state to the life outside the prison.
This comes in through the conversation process by the family members. These visits are also made to enable sexual intercourse if the prisoners are married hence reducing chance of sexual crimes. This process greatly helps the law to communicate to the entire prisoners. This is because for prisoners to qualify for this privilege, they are entitled to meet certain requirements and eligibility rules. These include total adherence to rules and regulations for the past set period of months or years and denial of such visits to those imprisoned in maximum or medium security prisons.
This assists in maintaining their behavior inside the prisons. Additionally, these programs reduce violence within the organizations and issues related to homosexuality (Larry, Joseph, 2005, p. 46). A prisoner is considered as a human being and a citizen. This is why they are entitled to human and personal rights. For social and psychological reasons, extended family visits are good for interaction of the prisoner with the real outside world. This interaction is made through the family, where two or three members of the family can be allowed to participate.
From human point of view, marriages and families are sacred and all efforts should be made to sustain them despite incarceration. A healthy and interactive family requires both emotional and physical intimacy. As a nation, the citizens should rise up and fight against family breakages despite our court involvement. Some countries allow visitors to bring food and clothing to the prisoner, as they are allowed to interact in an environment that looks like a homestead. We have to realize that family members who are innocent should not be involved in the punishment line with the incarcerated.
By supporting this petition, we will be advocating for the importance of family bond as well as family unit (Smartt, 2006, p. 34). Conjugal rights and conjugal visitations have become the only avenue to normal intercourse life especially for those who are forced by circumstances to separate. Denial of conjugal rights is basically an approach which undermines and abuses the moral issue of equality. Allowing the visits is like freeing prisoners from discrimination based on sexual orientation which is illegal.
Parent-children relationship cannot be strengthened when either is in prison and it takes long before they meet. Children should be allowed to develop a bond with an incarcerated parent . This is why most countries allocate special offers to these kind of visits. If time allowed is greater, environment is made to be more relaxed and casual with no strictness in supervision. There has been noted a difference between the prisoners who receive conjugal visitations that they are happier and less stressed.
This process helps the prison achieve its targets which are retribution, deterrence incarceration and rehabilitation towards the prisoner in an attempt to prevent such deeds in future (Smartt, 2006, p. 42). Conjugal visitation programs are good rehabilitative tools as they integrate offenders back into the society. In this way, it helps criminal justice system to achieve its targets. The mostly applied philosophy of getting tough is not made to reform the criminal but to incarcerate them.
When the rehabilitation and correctional mission is not met, then the system fails in that the same person who has not changed is released back to the society. In conclusion, these visits are in accord to different factors supporting societal makeup. Prisons are part of the culture in the society because most of the societal cultures in form of norms and beliefs are also found in the prisons. Rationally therefore, it would be morally eligible to call for massive adoption of this program to many nations in order to offset the scarcity of scholarly literature about the issue.
If there happens to be abundant information on the topic, then research on the same will create a fundamental increase in success of the program and efficiency achieved in the same. Wide adoption of this program will act as a bargaining tool for the induction of inmates to behave accordingly. Rejection of the same gives no incentives to the rehabilitation process (Joel, 2005, p. 87). Reference Smartt Ursula (2006) Criminal Justice. London, SAGE Publishers Larry Siegel & Joseph Senna (2005) Introduction to Criminal Justice. New York, Thompson Publishers. Joel Samaha (2005) Criminal Justice. New York, Thompson Wadsworth Publishers.