Concerns about law enforcement unethical behaviour, injustice and integrity are not new. While departments may have enhanced the number of required classes that are related to ethics, the teaching itself has not transformed significantly (Gilmartin, 1998, p. 1). Devoid of these changes, it is uncertain any information will result in consequential change or be internalized and accepted into the everyday lives of law enforcers and their organization.
Numerous States have experienced an increase in civil action complaints as an outcome of racial profiling accusations. This kind of lawsuit is not only costly and time consuming, but disruptive to law enforcement and the community it serves. Police supervisors should take into account that studies on partiality based policing have establish that a well planed data analysis and collection system can be a key in safeguarding departments against claims of accountability linked with allegations of racial profiling by the law enforcement (Leach, n. d. , p. 3).
The events that have made the headlines have spoiled the reputation and subjected into enquiry conduct of the whole law enforcement community. These extremely exposed incidents do not, nevertheless, tackle the more delicate ethical dilemmas that agencies of the law enforcement and their communities confront every day. Nevertheless, law enforcement agencies across the United States use up an increasing amount of time investigating, prosecuting and disciplining their officers for criminal or unethical behaviours that never make it to the headlines.
Understanding the range of ethics will permit officers to acknowledge the risks, weigh up their own option for resolution and develop them as an effective approach to guarantee ethical integrity. Just like deadly confrontations, ethical dilemma happens at the most unfortunate times, often without warning and with diminutive time to discontinue and reflect about the circumstance.
When insufficiently prepared, even the most straightforward, beyond reproach officers can make out of place split-second ethical judgments; decisions that can end in life changing consequences. If law enforcers are going to endure ethical dilemmas they have to be as mentally organized as they would be for calculated encounters. Law enforcement officers, particularly the police work and live in a dynamically and constantly changing social context in which they are vulnerable to a countless of ethical conflicts.
While police work is exhilarating and seductive, it can also direct officers along the trail of ethical compromise. Today, it may be said that the police practice of racial profiling is commonly seen to some extent as an isolated predicament unusual to city cops or other departments. Refusal and denial to acknowledge the possibility for discrimination and ethical compromise at police departments prevents officers and administrators from developing an in-depth appreciation and understanding of the issues.
Lacking a clear understanding, practical strategies and adequate information, officers who are exposed to a hazard-filled environment are more expected to engage in improper behaviours that can damage their personal and professional lives, as well as the credibility and reputation of their organization. Since the 1930s, policing has become more proficient. Yet today law enforcement agencies are still regularly held in contempt and law enforcement is taken as one of the United States’ funny stories (Delattre, 2002, p. 30).
Nevertheless, a constitutional republic must be competent to endure unfavourable public attitude toward police in particular and government in general (Delattre, 2002, p. 31). If the nation were too fragile to endure governmental malfeasance or unwarranted public distrust of the government, it would have disintegrated already. Although a number of citizens have rational expectations of police, police and other officials of the government are compelled to carry out themselves so as to afford no reason for public doubt.