Concentration Camps

There were many social, political, and economic causes of WWII. A political cause was the treaty of Versailles. The treaty of Versailles was when we forced Germany to take the blame for WWI. If they didn’t sign the treaty, Germany would face invasion. As Germany did not start WWI, they felt it was unfair. An economic cause of WWII was the Great Depression. The Great Depression happened world wide. The Great Depression started with the stock market crash. The stock market crash was when people started losing their jobs, homes and money. A social cause of WWII was anti-semitism.

Anti-semitism was when there was hatred against Jewish people. Hitler blamed the Jews for all of Germanys problems which triggered WWII. Auschwitz was the largest slave labor camp and the largest murder camp ever known. Auschwitz was located in Southern Poland. They killed millions of people. The most people killed were Jews. During World War II Auschwitz became the darkest side. It was so awful humans began to kill other human beings. Auschwitz was swampy and damp, had hardly any sources of fresh water, and when the weather is warm mosquitos are a big problem.

Also in the winter it is really cold. Auschwitz was a advantage to the Nazis. It had a good railroad connection. Also it was an old Polish army base. the Nazis lived in the old barracks. The prisoners were forced to do non-stop work. They were threatened, whipped, beaten, torchered, and could be executed without trail. People at concentration camps were suffering. Other prisoners that went into Auschwitz’s from Sachsenhausen. They were a group called The Kapos. These prisoners weren’t sent to Auschwitz to do labor, however they were sent to take charge in other prisoners.

This group of people had advantages. Auschwitz began to expand. Prisoners were hardly fed. Prisoners were treated horribly. Block eleven was if they were asked a question and didn’t answer they would be beaten. The prisoners slowly got their finger nails pulled out. And they were hung by metal, got there wrist and ankles tied up, and they were hit several times while swinging. Sometimes their injures were so bad they couldn’t be noticed. Another major concentration camp was Bergen-Belsen. Bergen- Belsen was near Hanover in Northwest Germany.

It was built in 1940. Jewish people with foreign passports were kept there. There were eight sections of this camp. There was the detention camp, two women’s camps, a special camp, neutral camp, star camp, Hungarian camp, and a tent camp. Bergen-Belsen is considered a good camp compared to the other ones. People weren’t forced to do labor. There was no gas chambers or crematories. Most people died from starvation, overwork, disease and medical experiments. About 500 people died daily from thypus and starvation.

Buchenwald was one of the largest concentration camps by the Nazis. Buchenwald was established within the German borders. Karl Koch was the first commander of Buchenwald, and then he was relocated to Majdanek . In July 1937 Bucenwald was opened for men only, not until late 1943 early 1944 it was open for women. The prisoners were held on the northern side of the grounds, and the SS were on the Southern side. The camp was surrounded by electrify barbed-wire fence, watch tower, and automatically activated machine guns.

In Buchenwald the weakened prisoners were killed by phenol injections, and the disabled were killed by gas. The prisoners were held hostage. They suffered but they had to keep going. Most of the prisoners were political. Political prisoners were people who criticized the government in their own country. These political prisoners were favored over any of the other prisoners. When arriving to Buchenwald prisoners were asked questions, and if the prisoner said political they were supplied with better boots and warmer clothes. Political prisoners were also offered the highest quality of items.