Comprehensive security is surely a new concept. It means a. all-round security. Globalization may sometimes mean a vulnerability to external attacks, but it refers to increasing external connectivity and security. Environmental security is also badly required, because the nuclear tests badly affect the environment and, thus, vitiates human life. Some other sources of human insecurity are poverty, shortage of clean water, illiteracy, food shortage etc. As Asia faces these problems, the countries which comprise it must strengthen their own social collision, economic development, human relations and security agreements.
What is more needed is tokst- but Japan and China do not believe each other, some Asian countries are also suspicious of Vietnam. There are numerous issues which are to be resolved. The USA too has much interest in the Asia-Pacific. It has two aspects-political strategies and economic. But, to these, might be added an ideological aspect as to how the USA can defend the democratic values in this region. In the post-war period, there was a significant continuity in the US policy towards the Asia-Pacific. But there were some differences of emphasis.
The two Republican administrations were more realist than the democratic administration of Bill Clinton in the sense that they put a stronger emphasis on military power. Under Gorge W. Bush, the events of September 11 strengthened the strength and the US policy became more asserted. Of course a moral aspect was present with all administrations. During the Gulf war of 1991, the US emphasized upon the international law. During the Clinton’s period, however, special attention was given to the extension of democracy and human rights.
And G. W. Bush appeared, after the incidents of September 11, as the defender of liberty. Then comes the question of Russian involvement. After the collapse of Soviet Russia, the Russian Federation or the RFE faced a new situation in the Asia Pacific. Some new sates like Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and others are come out from the USSR. Naturally it has risen up problem before the RFE regarding its relationship with these Asiatic states. Moreover, it has to maintain a careful relationship with China and Japan.
Developments in Korea and situation in the Central Asia are also to be carefully handled. It has to develop economic relations with the countries of North-East Asia and to increase its trade and investment with the neighboring countries. In modern times, the Asia-Pacific has acquired a global prominence, though the region was not so important in earlier times. It has achieved an impressive economic success. However, some economists, trained up in the neo-classical model, may not appreciate its achievement, but others with a thorough idea of Asian economics, have correctly assessed its recent achievements.
Of course the financial crisis of 1997-98 brought about a crisis in the Asian economics. But, within a short time, the recovery was achieved. But it now faces a security dilemma due to some obvious reasons. China’s argue for reunification with Taiwan and North Korea’s attempt to reunify the Korean peninsula by force has intensified the tension which often reached the boiling point. All these may be different from Germany’s aggressive policy or Japan’s bellicosity before the Second World War, but such situation has really made the area as a storm-center.
Now, it is a question – what would be the affect of such tension in the Asia-Pacific? Much depends upon the role of Taiwan and Korea, decisions of the United States, China and Japan. Of course, the politics of China may be a major factor. Its success in the economic modernization may lead to conflicts with other powers. But this modernization may even change the internal setup of China. In such circumstances, Asia-Pacific may have a dual role. First, its economic success may provide a new model.
And secondly, in the event of a South-West conflict, Asia-Pacific, which is attached to West dominated political economy and sympathetic to some of the anti-colonial sentiments of the South, may have to play as an intermediary. Conclusion We cannot expect that the states of particular region or continent would be identical in size, population, religion, social system, economic pattern and security crisis. So, there is a wide diversity in the Asian continent. But, in the nuclear age the ideas of globalization, inter-dependents and regional security must be regarded as the means of survival and prosperity.
Of course, there are deep-sealed rivalry and anxiety among most of the state. Yet some economic bonds and mutual treaties have created, though imperfectly, a sense of unity. But, it must be institutionalized by increasing agreements, multinational trade-treaties, regional facts, diplomatic projects and economic cooperation. If it can be done, each of these states would be economically enriched and the security crisis would surely do in dwindle. In such case, they would be able to reduce their military budget and the fund can be diverted to development schemes.
Moreover, such regional unity is sure to enhance their collective security. It along can prohibit external interference, particularly that of the United States and Russia. For that reason, some states like Japan, China and Vietnam must develop a friendly relationship with their neighbors and tension between states like North Korea and South Korea must be wiped out. In short, a changed political atmosphere and economic friendship can unify Asia as a region and guarantee a sense of security against out side pressure of any kind.