The Comparison and Contrast of Education Systems between China and America The following essay will compare and contrast the education systems between China and America. The term "Education System" can be defined as” The system of formalized transmission of knowledge and values operating within a given society (Trade Chakra Website, “Education System in Malaysia”). In china, the education is divided into three categories: basic education, higher education, and adult education (China Education and Research Network Website, “Education System in China”), this research will discuss the topic of higher education or high school education system in two countries in detail.
The main areas of the education system that will be discussed are student life and examinations. Following factors of student life will be examined; composition of study hours, student homework, family pressure, subject choice as well as school rules and regulations. Examinations are a standard for university entrance, involving goals, point system, pass rates, official comments, and exam structures and questions types (The Examination of Chinese Education,” An introduction to The National Education Examinations Authority”). Although some parts of the education system are the same in China and America, they have a lot of differences; therefore, this paper will illustrate the some major differences between the two systems.
Student life The following sections will describe, compare and contrast methods of assessment in both China and America. On average, China's children spend 8.6 hours a day at schools, with some spending 12 hours a day in the classroom (China Daily Website, “China's children too busy for playtime”). The survey also claimed that the majority of children spend longer hours at school than their parents spend at work, and in America, students just stay in school and concentrate on their study between 7:00 am to 2:15 pm for high school and 7:00 am to around 2:45 pm for middle school.
In China, students must pay attention to their homework on the average 4 or more hours and they should review the knowledge from classes by spending their leisure time; students in America, however, have it easier than Chinese students, and they just use the part of their free time, 2 or 4 hours to complete the homework and spend the rest of the time to improve themselves. Chinese students also have no choice in selecting their subjects; they must study programs which are determined by the Chinese Education Department or the superiors of their school. In contrast, students who attend school in America are free to choose field of study they wish when they reach a certain age.
On the topic of choice, in China, the right of free choice never belongs to students and they cannot leave the classroom when they have some trouble and need to leave before them obtaining the permission from the teacher teaching that course (Blog of Sina Website, “The Chinese educational system”). In contrast, American students are freer in class. Usually, in China, students’ life is filled with homework and various other mandatory without choice after school study. Take Zhuzhu for example, she is a Chinese girl at age of 12, has little time to play, with a mountain of homework to do (China Daily Website, “China's children too busy for playtime”).
But in America, after school, students have a wide range of activities and clubs to choose from, such as soccer, baseball, Boys and Girls Club of America, Creative painting and so on (Wikipedia Website, “After-school activity”). Most importantly, some Chinese students are required to live at school because of the burden of study; students have to take lessons at night in school (The Teenagers from Beijing Website, “In order to follow the process of study, students have no choice to live in school dormitories”). At the same time, in America on a cold winter morning, almost of children live at home because they have assignments or part-time job like delivering newspapers, while Chinese students just focus on their homework. (The English Graduation Thesis Website, “Two Different Kinds of Ways of Family Education Between America and China”).
Examinations The other section is about differences and similarities of examination between China and America. In China, the full name of the standardized national exam is National Higher Education Entrance Examination or Gao Kao (Wikipedia Website, “National Higher Education Entrance Examination”). But in America, the government never establishes a regular education exam; American usually accepts the SAT (Scholastic Assessment Test Website) for college admissions in the United States (Wikipedia Website, “Scholastic Assessment Test”).
Undoubtedly, the Gao Kao has a long standing history; it was created in 1952 (Reader Website, “National Higher Education Entrance Examination”). The SAT was first introduced in 1926, and its name and scoring have changed several times (Scholastic Assessment Test Website). In China, the goal of exam is check academic abilities and potential abilities of students (101 Education Centre Website, “The Terminal Goal of Gao Kao”). And the goal of the SAT test is to use a standardized testing process to create an objective assessment of a test taker's knowledge and skills (SAT Exam Flashcard Study System Website, “Learn How to Quickly Solve Difficult SAT Test Questions”).
In fact, the two systems between China and America have an accidental similarity on this point. In regards to the point system, in China, points and overall score are more important than American. There are four hundred and fifty marks to Gao Kao and five part of exam, which makes up the point system of Gao Kao ( The Education Display with Combination Website, “How Many is the Totally Score of Gao Kao”). And if students want to attend to a good college via usual channels, they only get a high score from Gao Kao. In America, the totally score of SAT is two thousand and four hundred.
SAT is divided to two sections, SAT1 and SAT2 are divided into four parts; math, reading, writing form the modern SAT1, and SAT2 involved a lot of major subjects (Tiandao Education Website, “How Much is the Total Score of SAT”). The score of SAT is necessary; however, the performance of students’ daily life and their extra-curricular activities are also very important when a student presents application to universities. From the official opinions, SAT was first called the Scholastic Aptitude Test, but now SAT does not stand for anything, hence it is an empty acronym (Wikipedia Website, “SAT”).
But it is not same to the opinions of Gao Kao, this examination is a prerequisite for entrance into almost all higher education institutions at the undergraduate level (Wikipedia Website, “National Higher Education Entrance Examination”). The previous two sections of the essay have compared and contrasted the education system in China and America. Section one talked about students’ life; school hours, homework hours and requirements, school rules, subject choice, extracurricular activities and living space were some important factors that were different between the two countries.
Research shows that Chinese students are too busy for playtime because they are flooded by their homework from school, and they are tired of study due to bag school hours and little freedom to enjoy extracurricular-activities, they might lose the opportunity to feel the sense of funny and they are feeling unhappy about a lack of playtime (China Daily Website, “China's children too busy for playtime”).
Section two describes the similarities and differences between kinds of examination between the two nations, including; full name, date of establishment, goal, point system, structure and official opinions. The sources exhibit the fundamental difference between China and America from aspects of point system, goal of exam, structure and official opinions; Gao Kao is more likely to lose real people with talent as it lacks a scientific planning of goals and structure to the exam (Blog of Sina Website, “The Chinese educational system”). In contrast, SAT is able to reflect values of people and make these people have an opportunity to give the best of them.