A Comparative Study on compulsory education system between China and USA Before we compare the compulsory education systems of China with American ones, we should make clear what “compulsory education” is. Compulsory education is a system implemented to force school-age children and adolescents to receive mandatory education lasting for certain years under legal provisions of the nation.
In this essay, we are going to compare 5 aspects mainly. Firstly, we’ll compare the brief forming progress of the compulsory education systems. This will show us the background of two compulsory education systems and provide us a brief impression of the matters that we are going to compare. Secondly, we’ll focus on the time limit of these two compulsory education systems. This is the elementary statistic we should know as it reflects the present education level. Thirdly, we should know the main characteristics of these compulsory education systems, which include the resources of income (only public school considered), the class institution, the content of education, and the educational administration system. Fourthly, we’ll compare the related laws because this shows the governments’ attitudes and illustrates the guarantee and perfecting level of compulsory education. Last but not the least, we’ll compare the difference of compulsory education between regions in two countries.
USA formally formed it compulsory educational system after the World War Ⅱ and it has been perfecting through the 65 years. China started to form its compulsory educational system since 1985 and has basically formed in the 1990s. China has 9-year-compulsory education while the USA has a 13-year one. The kindergarten education is included in the compulsory education system of the USA but not in Chinese. Besides, the school systems are not the same. In China, the school system is unified through the nation, which means a 6-year-primary school, a 3-year junior high and a 3-year senior high education. But in United State, school systems are different in different regions. Some has a 2-year junior high and a 4-year senior high while some has the same pattern as China has. The income for education of public schools in China singly comes from the government, which means from the taxation. But in USA, it comes from multiple resources.