COPPS or Community-Oriented Policing and Problem Solving is an arrangement that helps to address the persistent and long terms factors that affect crime and disorder (Peak, 2010). These are two different strategies that have to be integrated in a proper manner. COPPS is mainly organized to solve problems related to crime, improve the quality of life by reducing crime, and reduces the fear of the citizens that is developed from crime (Glensor, 1996). The various steps in COPPS include:-
• Identifying community problems • Analyzing them • Response to the source of such problems • Assessment and evaluation (Peak, 2010) In actual sense, and as a misconception, people are under the view that COPPS can be implemented by having more policemen do foot or vehicle patrol, implementing a number of police stations, etc, and often the expectations from such measures may be unrealistic in nature (Glensor, 1996). However, to move into the COPPS mode, there are certain difficulties that need to be achieved:-
• Change in leadership and management – new principles, mission, goals, objectives, basic values, etc of the agency would change and should align according to the aims and objectives of COPPS. • A lot of effort should go into management styles, evaluation, planning, allocating resources, arrangement of finances, etc • Greater commitment, development of policies, creates an environment conducive to change • The entire implementation and planning of COPPS would not be simple and needs time to be followed by the organization
• Remove any conflict that the current police organization models may have with COPPS • Emphasis on having greater responsibilities on the primary police officers that patrol the city • Turbulence and disorder during the implementation of COPPS • Support administratively from the middle management • Placing greater duties and responsibilities on the policemen • Change in the organizational culture through active participation from the policemen at various levels • Training of the personnel on the various aspects of COPPS
• Personnel should be trained in involving other stakeholders including the government, public, private organizations, etc (Glensor, 1996) Thus it can be seen that there would be greater amount of tasks, responsibilities, commitment, work roles, etc, with the implementation of COPPS. The workload of the police officers would definitely increase, but there would be an even greater rise in the effectiveness of the police department as the crime rate would be reduced.
Besides, the policemen would be trained in taking up new roles and a greater amount of conflicts that happen in the organization would be reduced (Glensor, 1996). References Glensor, R. W. (1996). “Implementing change: community-oriented policing and problem solving. ” FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin. http://findarticles. com/p/articles/mi_m2194/is_n7_v65/ai_18631847/pg_4/? tag=content;col1 Peak, K. J. (2010). Justice Administration: Police, Courts, and Corrections Management, London: Prentice Hall.