A law is “a rule of conduct or procedure established by the Custom, Agreement or Authority” by which a society is governed. Law is different from the other type of rules which govern certain types of behavior. Rules in regards to the Sports or other Games could not be treated as Law. This is principally because not everyone is governed by the Rules of the Sports, only those who participate in the Sports are governed by such Rules. The existence Law in a society means that people in the society will be governed by the Law and not by the whims and fancies of the Rulers.
Laws have been necessary throughout the history of human life in order to maintain peace and harmony in the society. Laws are the oil in the wheel that keeps society running fairly smoothly. Laws are important in a society as a means to keep people in a somewhat semi-controlled environment, to keep things uniform in a huge society. Ultimately, it will never happen this way, but if everyone were following all the laws at all times, then everyone is being safe and controlled. Laws are very important to society to ensure the safety of our families and our way of life. Laws give us rules to follow so we live with structure and without chaos.
If we didn’t have laws to tell us what we aren’t allowed to do, people would do whatever they want and there would be no proper consequences. Without laws, there is no punishment for bad behavior and so no deterrent for people to stop those committing crimes. Law can be said to perform four different functions, each of which is of every very importance to our welfare. These are could be treated as goodness of law: The primary important function of law is to defend us from evil, that is, those who would seek to harm us for no good reason. It does not mean that the law is only concerned with bringing evil people to account for their actions.
The second important function of law is promoting the common good among the people living a society. A society made up of people who are simply concerned to pursue their own self-interest needs law because there are situations where if everyone pursues their own self-interest, everyone will be worse off than they would have been if they acted differently. The third important function of law is resolving disputes over limited resources. As every family knows, in any community there will always be disputes over who should have what of a limited number of resources.
Law is needed to resolve these disputes. The law is necessary not only resolve the disputes within the family members, but also between the private individuals. The fourth important function of law is encouraging and helping people to do the right thing. UK legal system contained a large number of ‘morals laws’ – that is, laws that were designed purely and simply to stop people acting immorally. Whether or not law has a role to play in encouraging us to do the right thing, no one doubts the continuing importance of law in performing the functions set out above.
As a result, there is a widespread acceptance that the health and wealth of nations is crucially dependent on how far the rule of law is maintained and observed in those nations. It should be acknowledged that numerous criticisms are made of the benefits that are supposed to flow from the existence of law, and the observance of the rule of law. The Society respects the importance of the rule of law and private property rights are no guarantee that that society will be particularly just. The rule of law, it is argued, is compatible with great oppression, inequality and poverty.
The law, in its majestic equality, forbids rich and poor alike to sleep under bridges, to beg in the streets, and to steal their bread. Because poor enforcement of law, the Law seem to be an Evil. If Enforcements of laws go in the wrong hands, law can become an instrument of evil, a means by which a country’s rulers can rob people of their property and oppress minorities. If the country is administered by the whims and fancies of the Rulers, not only the question arises whether the Law exists, but also the Law will become an Evil. Failure of providing equal access to justice also makes law as an Evil.
Promoting access to justice is fundamental to the rule of law, good governance, democracy and observance of human rights. Educating people about their legal and human rights is also fundamental in promoting equal access to justice. If people do not know about their rights and cannot exercise them, the fact that the constitution and other laws have enshrined them is of very little practical impact; the law will become an Evil. Lack of legal awareness is very very serious issue in our society; therefore people are denied equal access to justice.
Therefore the Law is seem to be an evil for under privilege people Presently in Sri Lankan Universities are closed indefinitely. Power cuts and Waters cuts are enforced without any restriction. Most of the Elder parents are sent to Elders home. Most of the Women are travelling to Middle East for the purpose of employments leaving their kids in Sri Lanka without adequate safeguard for them. Adequate wages are not paid to Estate workers and employees. Dogs are moving in and around the street all times without any restriction.
These facts indicate that there are gaps in law. Judiciary and Police have been playing an important role in proper enforcement law. They should work together, proper training and facilities should be provided for them. Day to day news in the media indicates bribery and corruption are regular practice in very important sections of the State. If it so, it would be a bar for proper enforcement of law. These facts also make law as an Evil. There may be various counter arguments on law and enforcement of law; the Society respects the importance of the rule of law.
The law is a good instrument for regularize the society in a proper way, to resolve the disputes and maintain peace and harmony in the society. Success of the law depends on educating people about their legal and human rights in order to promoting equal access to justice, promoting an efficient functions of Judiciary and Police and also implementation of the law of Customs. The Law should always be used as a Shield, not as a Sword. It the Rulers of the country use the Law as a Sword, then the Law will operate as an Evil in the Society. Miss. T. Thirukumaranathan