In contrast, ineffective programs employ scare management, increase alienation of aggressive or anti-social youth, programs that are too short and lack sustainability, lack support from any of the private and public leadership enhances only the aspect of a person’s self-esteem and confined to an instructive slant only. Discussion A lot of studies on demographical statistics have been made to figure out the problem of juvenile delinquency where the life of a common criminal usually starts out. As a result of these studies, awareness is achieved as to what to do or how to deal with this rising problem of youth in general.
The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) formed a Study Group on very young offenders to look at the special case of children from ages 13 down and examine the incidence and the frequency of crimes committed by this particular age group. According to their study, the number is rising of children committing crimes based on the record of the juvenile justice system; i. e. according to court caseloads. Considering their age (at a very young age of 13 – below), one would automatically understand the odds of these children committing more crimes as they pass through adolescence into adulthood (_______OJJDP, Mar.
2003). Statistics show, as U. S. Department of Justice’s has done in their survey, that youth offenders, with ages ranging from 7 to 12 years, are becoming more and more involved with the juvenile justice system. One in ten juvenile arrests involves kids under thirteen years old. Offenses range from arson, rape, homicide, aggravated assault, robbery, to not so serious but persistent disruptive behavior such as truancy and incorrigibility.
These children “have a two to threefold greater risk of becoming serious, violent, and chronic offenders” (_______OJJDP, Mar. 2003). Of course, if these children are not given enough attention and not dealt with effectively, by the authorities (including, first of all, their parents), the likelihood is that they will be spending their future years, in a more prone condition, to commit the same crime/s repeatedly (given the opportunity), as they had already committed the same in the past.
Added to this dismal prospect, is the continuing threat to public safety and property (Loeber and Farrington, 2001). Factors to gang violence Every human experience involves a causative factor that produces a kind of response. In explaining the behavior of people, we start our description with reference to some kind of active driving force: the individual seeks, the individual wants, the individual fears. Various psychologists describe motivation, in other words, as the driving force behind our behavior (Atkinson, et al. 1983).