In light of mounting criticism levelled against the Commission on Human Rights, a new body, United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC), was formed as a successor and came into force on March 15, 2006. It however inherited a limiting clause indicating that the UNHRC has no authority. The United Nations Human Rights Commission Council can only make recommendations to the General assembly. It is currently the highest UN body, which monitors, promotes human rights and prevents any human right abuse across the globe.
The council is merely acts as an advisor to the General Assembly, which can only advice the Security Council, where the Veto power acts as the primary obstacle in achieving the goals regarding the Human Rights. Moreover the United States has always reacted negatively regarding the Council. U. S. voted against it during the foundation resolution and still did not seek a seat in it. Conclusion The restructuring of the human rights body however did not translate to more action on the human rights front nor did it shield it from previous criticism.
One of its major challenges is its composition. Some of its membership draws from states that have a very controversial record on human rights. These states include China, Russia, Cuba, and Saudi Arabia. These nations have in the past been condemned for repeated violations of the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights. They still continue to be condemned. It is these very nations that dominate the council and they vote as a block. The council’s main undoing has been the Darfur crisis.
Its first response to a team of experts mandated with monitoring atrocities in the Darfur region was a blatant dismissal. (Farrow 2007) China and the undemocratic Egyptian regime have led the UN human rights council in protecting the Omar Bashir regime in Sudan. Has the human rights commission only changed in name?
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