In very society, there are those organizations that will act voluntary in aid of the population. According to Robinson, M. & Friedman, S., (2005) civil society is a term used to refer to all those collective actions that with no coercion and revolve around shared values, purposes and interests. This simply means that there are those organizations that come together to fight for a common good of the community. This commonly takes place in developing nations most of which are not yet fully democratic.
Civil society traces its origin from the era of enlightenment back in the 18th century and it has a close link to the social contract theory. It has the main aim of imposing rules, which refrain individuals from harming each other. It can therefore be described or rather viewed as a parallel form of government only that it does not use the legal system that the government is known to use.
Civil society differs in a range of social circumstances and it has its powers from the government. Depending on the social situation that the society is in, civil society will usually take a stand and expect the society to adhere to it. It sometimes acts as a mediator between the government and the society at times of conflict. Due to this, it cannot be termed as having one specific stand.
Sometimes it is compelling and governmental while at other times it is not. However, according to Sadomba, W. & Helliker, K., (2010), this depends on the type of organization that is under the civil society and its motive.
Some groups should be included in the civil society such as the civic groups and environmental groups. These groups keep the government in check and prevent any exploitation that may take place. For instance, during these times when the world is facing a serious climatic degradation, environmental groups are playing a major role in ensuring that the climate reverts to normal.
However, some groups should not be included in the civil society. Such are the unlawful gangs such as the famous MS 13 in the United States and the militia groups commonly found in Africa. These groups do not have good motives and are engaged in criminal activities. Such groups cause incitement among people, which in most cases result to civil unrest and consequently damages and loss of life. (Sadomba, W. & Helliker, K., 2010)
In conclusion, civil societies are core institutions in a smooth and democratic running of every government but it should be proper care should be taken while selecting institutions to form civil societies. Some groups have very ill motives and should not be included in civil societies.
Hearn, J. (2001). Taking Liberties: Contesting Visions of the Civil Society Project. Critique of Anthropology , 339-60.
Robinson, M. & Friedman, S. (2005). Civil Society, Democratisation and Foreign Aid in Africa. Brighton: Institute of Development Studies.
Sadomba, W. & Helliker, K. (2010). Transcending Objectifications & Dualisms: Form Workers and Civil Society in Contemporary Zimbabwe. Journal of Asian and African Studies , 209-25.