Civil Rights from World War II to the 1970’s

Thus the World War II is over.  The reviving of US begins and the civil society regains their hope in the democracy.  They make way to start overcoming sad memories of the 1940’s especially the sudden attack of the Japanese Empire in the Pearl Harbor located in O’ahu, Hawaii which set the beginning of the Second World War.

A new decade 1950s emerge and amidst economic booming and the ambiance of optimism and hope for the betterment and development of the country, some troubles still starts arising such as the misinterpretation or misrepresentation of the youth culture, the New Left, having the so-called Great Society, Vietnam War where America again has to take part in it, and of course, the rebirth of the Civil Rights Movement.

The first onset of the term for civilian outrage came out during the Emancipation period in the mid-nineteenth century but not became popular as the most ideal expression could most likely be Civil War for having confrontational activities involving the North and Southern part of the US.  Though the initiative to have the Civil Rights Movement come out in the 1950’s, it is in the 1960’s where the heart of growth and expansion move very well.

Covering the issues of gender equity issue such as feminism and the proper recognition to the gays and lesbians in the country as well as ethnicity equity issues like integrationism, Black power, the Chicano and American Indian Movement, larger America has almost divided for having its people form various divisions and subdivisions including youth activism as they can relate and react to the different propagandas evolving the whole nation.  As Maurice Isserman and Michael Kazin defined this on the page 5 of their book America Divided: The civil War of the 1960’s that this decade’s deformation in the society as a “dramatization of our humanity”.

The said book of Kazin and Isserman is a result of their meticulous study of the particular episode of American history.  Though most of it has derived from secondary sources only, they still manage to offer good reviews from it and made a remarkable account that would surely help historians and scholars in their long way search of blow by blow versions of the past.  Kazin and Isserman was both student activist in their time especially in the 1960’s during their youth.  With this, their critique has argued that their own story should have been more relevant than their reviews from secondary sources.  Whichever way, both might be helpful anyway.

The old norm of a conservative but passive 1950’s outdone by the active and idealist 1960 and still extends till the coming of 1970.  Civil Rights Movement moved along the way as the post-war babies inculcate the freedom of speech.  They were the ones eager to reshape their future by forming a better civil society that is balanced, equal, and free from all kinds of determination that has previously set by the people and government in the past.  Thus, the outcome of the silent revolution of Civil Rights Movement in general could be seen as blissful and glorious that youth of today’s generation has to know and be enlightened.


Isserman, M. & Kazin, M. (2007). America Divided: The Civil War of the 1960s, 2nd edition. New York: Oxford University Press.