Civil Rights: Frequently asked Questions.

What are the most frequently asked questions about civil rights? The term is different from human rights or natural rights. The difference is that civil rights are rights that are guaranteed to the citizens of a particular nation by the state itself while human or what is sometimes known as natural rights are rights that are bestowed on an individual simply because he/she is a human being. It is a right that is enforceable and if violated it needs to be addressed. Violation occurs when one is treated badly because he/she belongs to a certain group, class or race. My main focus will be to discuss on the most frequently asked questions.

One of these is discrimination in the work place just because gender. What these people who are discriminated because of their sex should know that there are laws that address this problem. (Harrison C. 58).  First you should assess whether all other people in your field are receiving the same treatment and if you are the only one, then confront your employer with a very accurate written document stating clearly the dates and the discriminatory act that was committed. If no measure is taken, then you can move to the tribunal court within a period of three months since the last discriminatory act was done.

What action a person who is being discriminated in the work place because of race should take? Everybody should know that every state has laws that address issues concerning colour, race, nationality and ethnic background. You should first make sure that it is not only you who is affected then, you can alert your union if you are a registered member to see whether your problem will be addressed. (Holifeld W.N. 56-79)  If you do not receive the solution that you expect, then you forward your case to an employment tribunal giving the detailed account of what kind of discriminatory act was committed and when it was committed.

Another frequently question that is asked about civil rights is, what are the rights that protect one from being discriminated during voting time? In America under the 1965 voting rights act, everybody has a right to vote irrespective of his or her race, ethnic background or language. In the past, people who could not read certain sections of the constitution were not allowed to vote and if you wanted to vote and you were a minority, then you were supposed to go with somebody who was already registered to talk on your character but this was solved soon after the voting rights were passed. (Rawls J.A. 56)

What does the equal credit opportunity act holds? This holds that one cannot be discriminated because of sex, race colour, and marital status, age or be asked his/her source of income while performing any transaction. The justice department can file cases against those who are violating these rights. They can collect money fines and money for the damages done. These are geared towards preventing the same treatment to continue happening to the said victim.

Another question asked is, what is the civil rights act of 1964 and what about it? This was an act that was pushed by Africa Americans against the racial discriminations that were perpetrated by the whites in America against the blacks. It addressed issues concerning race, colour, sex and religion. The blacks were segregated in various places such as in schools, eating places like restaurants and clubs. They were also segregated in the transport department as no black was supposed to be seated in a bus before all the whites were seated. (Loevy R.D. Ed. 211-215)

Another question is, what is the difference between a civil and a criminal civil rights violation? The two are different in that these cases are differently investigated and prosecuted. Person must be proved to be guilty beyond any reasonable doubts. Therefore enough evidence must be provided unlike the case in the civil suit. (Smith J.E. and Herbert M.L. 112-132) Another difference is that in criminal cases twelve jury members must make the verdict while in civil cases the judge makes the verdict. There is a similarity between the two in that both cases can be resolved outside the court if both parties agree to do so.

Still another question frequently asked is whether there is a cost of filling a civil rights case. In fact there is no charges for filing a case. If anything, under the federal criminal investigation rights one is supposed to be paid for the damages that has been done. In most cases this money is for medical bills, mental analysis, funerals and clean up.

Who is a disabled person and what are his/her rights? This is another question that is frequently asked. A disabled person is anybody who cannot either partially or wholly meet the basic requirements of a social life because of certain deficiency in the body whether mentally unstable or physically malformed.

In short, there are many endless questions that are frequently asked about civil rights and the ones that I have discussed are some of the questions. Civil rights is a topic that each and everybody should be well familiar with as many people fall victims of these violations and yet they do not know what steps they should take against the violators.

Reference:

Holifeld W.N. Fundamental Legal Conceptions as Applied in Judicial Reasoning. Yale    University Press, New Haven. 1964: 56-79

Rawls J.A. Theory of Justice. Belknap Press, Cambridge 1999: 56

Smith J.E. and Herbert M.L. Civil Liberties and Civil Rights Debated. Prentice Hall: New Jersey. 1988: 112-132.

Loevy R.D. Ed. Civil Rights Act of 1964: The Passage of the Law that Ended Racial       Segregation. State University of New York. 1997; 211-215

Harrison C. On Account of Sex. The Politics of Women’s issues 1945-1968. California      press. 1998: 58