However after these gradual changes the working hours were increased to 16 hours a day. It is during industrial revolution that child labour became common with the main aim being to maximize profits at all costs. It goes without saying that making a normal human being to work beyond the ordinary eight hours without extra compensation is a form of exploitation. Many companies especially in the third world countries, taking advantage of the workers’ ignorance of the law force their workers to work over time without any compensation and if any it is not commensurate with the work done.
Various legislations have been put in place just to ensure that the employee is protected by all means. One of such legislations is the Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. This Act was put in place to ensure that there is no form of racial in discrimination in among others, places of work. It is under this legislation that a clause was established to ensure that there is equal opportunity employment for all regardless of their race, skin colour or gender.
In general, the Civil Rights Act heavily discouraged discrimination in various areas like schools, hotels, restaurants, bars and places of work. The Civil Rights Act was divided into various titles and each title addressed a particular issue. It is Title VII of the Civil Rights Act that addressed the issue reading rights of employees (Guerin, 2006). However despite giving several rights to employees the Civil Rights was also found to be defective.
This was because it discriminated women on matters related to pregnancy and other medical conditions. The Pregnancy Act of 1978 stated clearly that this was form of sex discrimination which needed to be done away with. Some of the issues that Pregnancy Act brought out strongly included that an employer cannot refuse to hire a pregnant woman by virtue of her pregnancy. In conclusion it is an indisputable fact that although there are many employment laws that have been out in place, exploitation of workers still continues.
Much of this is attributed to ignorance of workers on the provisions of various laws that govern their rights. And it is for this reason that disputes and wrangles between employers and employees still continue to be witnessed in the field of employment. References Guerin, L. (2006). The Essential Guide to Federal Employment Laws, Nolo: New York. Lockton, D. (2005). Employment Law, London: Routledge Cavendish. Wolkinson, B. (1996). Employment Law: The workplace rights of employees and employers, London: Wiley-Blackwell.