The individual report is an evaluation on the role of a professional engineer, value of engineering ethics and development of communication skills. Environmental remediation is the particular industry taken as reference area for a practicing engineer. An engineer is defined as a professional person registered in a recognized and authorized body within a particular economy. The satisfied engineering body should operate as per the criteria and procedures approved by Engineer Coordinating Committee as having the following;
· Completed an accredited engineering program from a recognized institution of higher learning
· The individual is deemed to have a minimum of seven years practical experience since his or her graduation.
· Have been assessed within their own economy as people eligible for independent practice
· Maintained consistency in professional development at satisfactory level
· Spent two years in a busy environment being in charge of engineering work.
There are various disciplines of engineering recognized in different economies such as civil, electrical, mechanical, chemical, environmental, structural, mining, bio-engineering, aerospace, transportation, geotechnical ,information and architectural. Engineers are supposed to lead new industrial revolution for purpose of making sustainable development in business and engineering (Davis Michael, 1998). A major concern is promoting codes of education, practice and development of policy programs for purpose of implementing changes.
Protection of environment is one important role of engineers by working in coordination with other engineers. Each category of engineer has his or her own duties to undertake in environmental remediation as per qualifications. Environmental remediation is one of the most critical areas of evaluation in which the main focus is pollution. The pollution of environment has been a global problem which basically involves air, water and noise pollution. Civil engineers deal with materials such as timber, concrete, earth, steel and rock. The engineers apply their skills in research, development, design, construction, manufacture and management of environmental aspects such as sewerage, municipal services and urban development.
Electrical engineers engage in activities that concern with research, development, maintenance, management of equipment and systems in electrical and communication networks. Electrical engineering is applied in generation of power used in various aspects of environmental systems. A major concern is transmission, distribution integration and development of communication networks through the use of computers. Environmental engineers apply their acquired skills to work closely with other engineers for better environmental outcomes. Their expertise is needed in economic, technical, legal and social considerations. In the case of environmental remediation, the engineers provide their services in waste management, management of natural resources, environmental information systems, reduction of greenhouse gas emission and noise management.
Environmental engineers have a special role in future as they are entitled to design a technological system to reduce environmental pollution. In this aspect the environmental engineers are considered s systems specialists with a role of coordinating other specialists to solve complicated environmental issues.
The services of mechanical engineers are needed in research, design, development, management of machines, installation and evaluation. A major concern is in the field of thermodynamic processes in addition to handling of plants and systems. Mechanical engineering is applied in manufacturing, works and services that involve the use of machine systems. In the case of environmental remediation, environmental engineers are concerned with building of interiors necessary for machine operations.
Another category of engineers in environmental remediation include structural engineers. This category of engineers has expertise in design, planning, inspection, rehabilitation, maintenance and demolition of both permanent and temporally structures. In the case of environmental remediation, their services are needed in structural systems inclusive of their components associated with technical, economic, social, aesthetic and environmental aspects. In the case of environmental remediation structures include bridges, space frames, footings or ground structures.
The engineers are concerned with any aspects that relate to environmental conservation such as disposal of waste and elimination of any other kind of pollution (Mangum Garth, 1964). Chemical engineers play a very important role in environmental remediation as they are concerned with design, research, development, operation, maintenance, industrial processing and conversion of waste products from their harmful state to useful state. Chemical engineers should have expertise or skills in safety measures and design which helps in equipment and systems process. Experience is basically needed by chemical engineers in operation, design and selection of basic materials necessary for fabrication.
Engineer’s code of ethics
According to Ronald Francis, (2000) and Mujtaba Bahaudin (2003), Engineers are supposed to observe certain code of ethics while executing their duties in environmental remediation. There are certain principles of code that act as guidelines to engineers while executing their duties. First and paramount code of ethics is to respect the inherent dignity of individual in different fields. Different categories of engineers work hand in hand with others to develop strategies that help to promote measures of environmental development.
A second code of ethics is to act on the basis of well informed conscience which is necessary for purpose of promoting integrity in global aspects of environmental conservation. A third code of ethics is to act in the interest of the community who are the main beneficiaries of the environment. The engineers are deemed to evaluate various measures that result to incorporation services of community members in conserving the environment. In this regard the engineers are deemed to uphold Tenets of the code of ethics which corresponds to guidelines in conserving environment.
Ronald Francis, 2000, Ethics and Corporate Governance: An Australian Handbook, University of New South Wales Press.
Mangum Garth, 1964, The Operating Engineers: The Economic History of a Trade Union, Harvard University Press.
Mujtaba Bahaudin, 2003, Ethical Implications o Employee Monitoring: What Leaders Should Consider, Journal of Applied Management and Entrepreneurship, Vol.8.
Davis Michael, 1998, Thinking like an Engineer: Studies in the Ethics of a Profession, Oxford University Press.
Louis Garrick, 2000, Integrating Ethics & Engineering: a Graduate Option in Systems Engineering, Ethics and Technology Studies, Journal of Engineering Education, Vol. 89.
Taylor Lynn, 2005, A Qualitative Study of a Course Trilogy in Biosystems Engineering Design, Journal of Engineering Education, vol. 94.
Heifetz Robert, 2000, The Role of Professional and Technical Workers in Progressive Social Transformation, Monthly Review, Vol. 52.