There are two opposing rationales for this kind of authoritarian control in these nations. On the one hand many of these nations are challenged by the threat of insurgency. For example in Algeria Islamic extremism is a reality. In Colombia, the drug lords pose a specific threat to domestic security and in Russia rebellion threatens domestic stability. On the other hand it is trite knowledge that many of these governments are corrupt and freedom of expression threatens their respective control and power.
Despite the presence of authoritarian media control in many nations, Freedom House 2002 reports that more and more countries are embracing the concept of free speech and expression via the press. Freedom House 2002 reports that: “Countries where press freedom markedly improved during 2001 represent diverse regions of the world. What most of them had in common, however, were recent changes in regime, in some cases effected at least in part by the work of independent journalists, that ushered in governments with a greater respect for civil liberties and the rule of law.
” As noble as the Universal Declaration of Human Rights is and despite its noble intentions there are fundamental difficulties with enforcement. As noted in the preceding passages many Member States are engaging in practices and policies that contravene Article 19’s regulations on the protection of freedom of expression. Although Article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights sets a global standard for Member States to follow there is no means by which the United Nations can force Member States to adapt these standards into domestic laws.
While there may be recourse in the event of cruel and inhumane treatment and punishment, there is very little than can be done with respect to authoritarian control of domestic journalist and civil disobedience in general. Governments of the world will have to unanimously aspire to fundamental freedoms in order for freedom of expression to become universally possible. Franklin Delano Roosevelt expressed his view of world peace and freedom on January 1, 1941.