But when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariably the same object, evinces a design to reduce them under absolute despotism, it is their duty to throw off such government, and to provide new guards for their future security (Stanton, Par. 1). Thoreau and Stanton are both angry at the injustice that they are seeing in their society and they both want a society with no government than a society with a government that creates and implements unjust laws.
Martin Luther King, Jr. suggests on how one can get out of the perils of being instrument of injustice and fighter of justice by following four things: collection of the facts to determine whether injustices exist, negotiation, self purification, and direct action. Like Thoreau, Martin Luther King, Jr. openly advocates civil disobedience. But unlike Thoreau, King, Jr. has a self-awareness activity before the action.
Being a religious leader, King, Jr. reports that before his supporters perform civil disobedience like eating in a restaurant where the blacks are not allowed, the supporters are made to question themselves first about their inner motivations. The suggestion of King, Jr. in fighting the injustice that is brought by unjust laws is not by hatred but by love (Par. 23). Conclusion We often see justice being symbolized as a blindfolded woman with a weighing scale in her hand. We always see her statue in law courts because she gives the message that laws should always be at the service of justice.
This paper has shown that in the history of our country, laws and justice do not always go together. Injustices in our society like racial discrimination, gender inequality and slavery are caused by the unjust laws created and implemented by the government. Laws are meant to be followed for the order and good functioning of society but if laws are unjust, people should listen to their conscience. If there are laws that do not aim at justice, they should not be followed because they destroy the definition of a law which is to be an arm of justice.
King, Martin Luther Jr. “Letter from Birminghan Jail. ” African Studies Center University of Pennsylvania. 24 Feb. 2008. <http://www. africa. upenn. edu /Articles_Gen/Letter_Birmingham. html> Stanton, Elizabeth Cady. “Seneca Falls Declaration of Sentiments and Resolutions. ” Sunshine for Women. 24 Feb. 2008. <http://www. pinn. net/~sunshine/book-sum/seneca3. html> Thoreau, Henry David. “Civil Disobedience. ” Thoreau Reader. 23 Feb. 2008. <http://thoreau. eserver. org/civil. html>