Civil and Political Rights

Discrimination founded on nationality, religion, ethnicity, and race or on any other specific identity damages the fundamental freedoms and human rights to which every individual is entitled (Amnesty International USA, n. d. ). Countries including the United States that use nationality, religion, ethnicity, colour or race as a substitute for criminal suspicion carry out so in contravention of international standards against racial discrimination in addition to several treaties to which the country is a party.

The treaties include the International Convention on Civil and Political Rights and the UN Convention for the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (Amnesty International USA, n. d. ). The comprehensible option is for the law enforcement to focus on actual criminal behaviour instead of features such as nationality, ethnicity, religion, or race. Conclusion

For ethics training to be successful, officers have to perceive the information as credible and relevant. The usual confined dynamic approach in law enforcement training, whether taught by lawyers, commanders and supervisors, internal affairs or other is frequently seen as threatening, scolding and warning. Even when the information is enlightening and interesting, this approach is hardly ever internalized by the officers nor incorporated into their daily activities.

When either unaware or unprepared, officers are more likely to drift away than they would be if they were sufficiently prepared to confront possible ethical risks. Officers who view racial profiling and other ethical dilemma as an all or none occurrence will not perceive themselves as at risk. When the unwavering ethical standard is not acknowledge, officers will perceive racial profiling as an unsure event, officers will not become mentally equipped and training will be observed as a waste of time.

Racial profiling practice has no place in the law enforcement because it destabilizes the public trust essential for the organization’s successful community policing. Police must be recognized as equally providers of public protection as well as respectful to the civil liberties of those they have affirmed to serve and protect. Racial profiling is one of the most futile approaches, and is nothing less than sloppy and lazy police work.

It is in effect saying that law enforcement do not want to find out regarding the community, they do not perform their responsibilities, they do not want to find out people’s behaviour, and they do not desire to investigate; law enforcement just want to stop a enormous number of individuals and decide if they belong with the statistical majority race. The code is dependable as a universal guideline, conveying the spirit of dependability to the public trust; nevertheless, no code can take the place of excellent wisdom and character.

Finally, in order to finally reduce, if not eradicate the incidence of racial profiling; the law enforcement must be accountable to each of their acts associated with racial profiling issues. Police, for example, must document their pedestrian detentions and traffic stops, including the involved civilians’ race. Department supervisors must then determine if a police officer is engaged in racial profiling. Every measure to avert racial profiling is doubtful to accomplish something without the assistance of data collection.


American Civil Liberties Union of Illinois. (n. d. ). Racial Profiling. Retrieved October 2, 2008, from http://www. aclu-il. org/legal/highschool/students/racialprofiling. shtml Amnesty International USA. (n. d. ). Racial Profiling. Retrieved October 1, 2008, from http://www. amnestyusa. org/us-human-rights/racial-profiling/page. do? id=1106650&n1=3&n2=850&n3=1534 Delattre, E. ,J. (2002). Character and Cops: Ethics in Policing. American Enterprise Institute. Essays. (n. d. ). Racial Profiling. Retrieved October 2, 2008, from http://www. essays. cc/free_essays/e4/dkt219. shtml