Since it was established, the intelligence community has been plagued by several continuing problems when it comes to sharing of information, coordinating activities, and validating analysis. Since World War I, there has been a boundary between military and civilian intelligence. Part of the problem was that most intelligence agencies would not share information they gathered with other intelligence agencies. During the Second World War, the Military Intelligence Unit of the US Army, the Naval Intelligence Office, and the Federal Bureau of Investigation, was in conflict about their respective jobs.
The terrorist attacks of September 11 which killed millions of lives was a big blow to the Intelligence Community. The Central Intelligence Agency Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is a government agency of the United States established in 1947. Its aim is to collect information and conduct secret operations in order to protect US national security. The information collected by the CIA is known as intelligence (Jeffreys-Jones, n. d). Until 2004, the director of the agency served as Director of Central Intelligence.
The position is responsible for the coordination of activities of the US Intelligence Community, which likewise includes the Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA) and the National Security Agency (NSA). Aside from that, they are likewise responsible for collecting information from other intelligence agencies operating in the country, evaluating individual pieces of information from each source, and giving intelligence estimates to the president and their adviser (Jeffreys-Jones, n. d).
In 2004, however, the role of being automatic Director of Intelligence came to an end with the passing of the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act (IRTPA). Considered as the most radical change in the intelligence world since the National Security Act of 1947, the IRTPA paved the way for the creation of the Office of Director of National Intelligence (DNI). This new position was responsible for the coordination and supervision of the activities of 15 intelligence agencies, including the CIA.
Porter Gross, who is Director of CIA, directly reports to John Negroponte, the first Director of National Intelligence (Jeffreys-Jones, n. d). The creation was due to findings of the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks, which investigated the 9-11 attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon, which revealed that both the CIA and Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) failed to share intelligence that could have prevented the event (Jeffreys-Jones, n. d).