Overview The United States’ connection with China has expanded to encompass a broad range of global, regional, and bilateral issues. With China’s economy now the second largest in the world, Washington pursues Beijing’s assistance in rebalancing the worldwide economy and supporting universal growth. As China, a fellow permanent member of the United Nations Security Council, will help block the nuclear ambitions of Iran and North Korea and assist in resolving the crisis in Syria. The US seeks to encourage China to subsidize to peace and solidity in Asia-Pacific.
The US is focused on re-establishing its economic strength, Washington is seeking to attain a level of playing the field for US firms that trade with and operate in China; to address cyber interruptions allegedly initiating from China that target commercial and military secrets; and to stalk desecrations of U.S. intellectual property privileges in China.
The United States and China now the two largest emitters of greenhouse gases, US seeks China’s collaboration in addressing climate change. The United States also seeks to promote human rights and the rule of law in China, including in the cultural minority regions of Tibet and Xinjiang. Obama Administration has assured China that it “welcomes a strong, prosperous and successful China that plays a greater role in world affairs,” and China has stated that it “welcomes the United States as an Asia-Pacific nation that contributes to peace, stability, and prosperity in the region.” But building a relationship that avoids rivalry and conflict remains a work in progress. Obama Administration Policy on China
The United States concerned that a rising China poses challenges to the U.S. economy and to U.S. global leadership, many in China believe that the United States feels endangered by China’s growing economic and military might, President Obama has acknowledged that the United States welcomes China’s “peaceful rise.” The Obama Administration has wanted to grow cooperation with China on a wide range of concerns, grabbing opportunities for high-level consensual meetings and adding to the existing excess of bilateral discussion mechanisms.
The Administration’s China policy has engrossed on ways to guarantee that China’s rise is peaceful and does not undermine the constancy of the world’s most economically dynamic region or the integrity of the international system. The Administration has marched up its engagement in Asia as part of its policy of strategic rebalancing. The Administration has specified that human rights is a priority in the relationship, but some observers believe that U.S. government advocacy on rights issues has taken a back seat to the focus on trying to shape Chinese behaviour in the economic, security, and environmental arenas. Visa Policy
To develop a plan to streamline visa and foreign visitor processing worldwide, United States President delivered an Executive Order demanding the Secretaries of State and Homeland Security, “in order to create jobs and spur economic growth in the United States, while continuing to protect our national security.” The Executive Order set targets of increasing non-immigrant visa dispensation size in China and Brazil by 40% over the succeeding year, and of reducing wait times for visa interviews to within three weeks of receipt of application in most cases. Meeting these goals was a major 2012 focus for the U.S. mission in China.
The U.S. Embassy in Beijing and U.S. legations in four other Chinese cities jointly issued 1.2 million non-immigrant visas, an increase of 36%. China, Brazil, and Mexico are the only U.S. missions that currently process more than 1 million non-immigrant visas per year. In a report from August 2012 to the White House, the State Department reported that it had prospered in dipping the regular wait time for a visa interview in China to less than 10 days, despite the large increase in visa applications. The Commerce Department has predicted a 198% increase in Chinese visitors from 2012 levels by 2016. U.S. Assistance to China
China is engaged mainly as a development partner with the capitals to invest in its own future, says the State Department and the U.S. Agency for International Development. U.S. assistance is designed to “protect and promote U.S. national interests and values,” particularly in the areas of endorsing rule of law, strengthening the judiciary, refining health, and serving Tibetan societies. Appropriations for assistance to China peaked in FY2010 at $46.9 million. FY2012 funding was $28.3 million, or 60% of the 2010 level. Most direct recipients of State Department and U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) grants have been U.S.-based nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) and universities.
http://www.voanews.com/content/us-china-tensions /1820511.html http://asiasociety.org/policy/center-us-china-relations http://www.isn.ethz.ch/Digital-Library/Publications/Detail/?lng=en&id=152903 http://www.uspolicy.be/dossier/china-united-states-policy-toward-china-dossier http://www.americanprogress.org/issues/china/report/2010/05/21/7732/president-obamas-progressive-china-policy/