Children and Decision Making

Assignment 1 1) Why is it important to for a child to be involved in a decision making? It is important for a child to be involved in decision making as it helps to build their self-esteem and helps contribute to their emotional well-being. This will also help build a stronger relationship with the children and will also become increasingly important with older children. 2) Explain why sometimes children need to be allowed to resolve their conflicts. Children need to resolve their conflicts as it is a good life skill for them to learn.

In order for them to do this, adults should sometimes allow children to argue and squabble, without resorting to aggression or deliberately hurting feelings. Children that learn how to resolve conflict become more confident and less likely to become compliment or victims. 3) Give an example of when an adult might need to intervene in a conflict between children. An example would be if a toddler who is snatching a toy from another child does not have the understanding of the upset caused and so distraction is the best technique. However it will depend on the level of understanding of the child.

4) Why is it important for babies to have a key worker? Babies need to from an attachment or special bond with an early years worker in order to compensate for the absence of their parents. In some nurseries that care for babies, a ‘key worker’ system is used. They are responsible for building a responsive relationship with the baby. 5) What is the data protection act? The data protection act is a piece of legislation that is designed to prevent confidential and personal information from being passed on without a person’s consent.

This Act originally applied only to information that was stored on computers. Under the act, organisations that collect and store information must register with the data protection act, anyone processing information must also comply with the eight enforceable principles of practice. 6) Why is it important to understand when information is confidential? It’s important to understand all information is confidential as parents will often give you confidential information on the basis that will be helpful to you when you work with their children.

They do so trusting that this information will not be passed on to others, as if you breach confidentiality you will break the trust. When the trust is broken between professionals and families break down so does the relationships. It should only be shared with people who have a right to know. 7) Why is it important to have good relationships with other adults? As a professional, you’re likely to come onto contact with a range of adults, children always benefit from this.

Parents for example are more likely to support you and share information if you have developed a strong relationship with them. Children are also sensitive to the way in which you work with your colleagues. They will notice the atmosphere and model their own behaviour on the way in which you treat each other. 8) Explain why it is important to acknowledge children’s positive behaviour. One of the most effective strategies for acknowledging children’s positive behaviour is looking out for when they are showing respect for others.

For young children acknowledgement might take the form of praise while older children may be helped with a comment that will help them to become aware of what they are doing. Praise takes the form of adult approval. Acknowledge of whatever form should help the child to understand the specific behaviours you are commenting on. 9) List three other types of worker with whom a practitioner may have a professional relationship. Three types of workers that have a professional relationship are a * Social worker.

* Speech and language therapist * Educational psychologists. There are also a whole range of workers that doctors will work with. 10) Give three tips that might help adults to communicate effectively with children. It’s important to communicate clearly with children all ages. Being clear when communicating will help them understand what is expected of them. Three ways to form good communication are, * Make good eye contact * Check you have their attention * Encouraging children to ask questions, offer ideas and make suggestions.