The purpose of this essay is to provide discuss analyze different points and thoughts of an important and vital issue which is child labor. There are a lot of opinions around by this topic and there are also investigates and researches which emphasize clearly into terminology of child labor, causes, consequences, images of it and includes a conclusion about this problem.
2) TERMINOLOGY-FURTHER ANALYSISFirst of all according to CRC (Convention on the Rights of a Child) a child is a person under the age of 18 years. This definition is used when referring to children in all ages, even if adolescents in some cases would have been more appropriate. As child labor is a social construct and in addition a natural phenomenon, however there is no signal, correct and indisputable definition.
Actually I use the definition of child labor stated by UNICEF ‘’ UNICEF defines child labor as a work that exceeds a minimum number of hours , depending on the age of a child and on the type of work. Such work is considered harmful to the child and should therefore be eliminatedAges 5-11: At least one hour of economic work or 28 hours of domestic work per week.Ages 12-14: At least 14 hours of economic work or 28 hours of a domestic work per week.Ages 15-17: At least 43 hours of economic or domestic work per week( These information are presented by Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights and by UNISEF ) |
Child labor is increasingly recognized as a crime against the UN Convention on the Rights of a Child. According to Borns, H.Weston (2005-p.3) is likely to interfere with the education and normal development of the children which can be harmful to their and morals. According to Borden.J, Ling B, Myers W (1998- p.87) Child labor’s risk to be exposed for abuse, violence and hazards which can be dangerous for their life.
Effects of labour on children are not the same as on adults as there are major psychological physical and social differences between the two groups. Children may be seriously harmed by work which makes little or no risk to adults. Hazardous work during development and during the childhood can have lasting effects which can affect the children for the rest of the life. Furthermore child labor is a complex issue and various factors behind the laboring predominate in different contexts.
3) CASUES OF CHILD LABORMany people believe that some causes of child labor are apathy, poverty, social, and ignorance, lack of education and exposure, parental illiteracy exploitation of cheap and unorganized labor. The family practice to inculcate traditional skills in children Over and above pulls little ones inexorably in the trap of child labor, as they never get the opportunity to learn anything else.
Absence of compulsory education at the primary level, parental ignorance regarding the bad effects of child labor, the infectivity of child labor laws in terms of implementation, non availability and non accessibility of schools, boring and unpractical school curriculum and cheap child labor are some other factors which encourages the phenomenon of child labor. It is also very difficult for immature minds and undeveloped bodies to understand and organize themselves against exploitation in the absence of adult guidance. Poverty an over population have been identified as the two main causes of child labor. Parents are forced to send little children to work into hazardous work for reasons of survival even when they know that it is completely wrong.
4) SUPPORTING IDEAS OF ANOTHER VIEW ABOUT CHILD LABORAny discussion about child labor must begin with a precise description of what the term means. Images that can be conjured by this phrase are obviously frightening and besides apart from children chained into factories sold as slaves or forced into prostitution.
Fortunately, while many children work in the developing work few experiences such atrocities. The International Labor Organization (ILO) is the International body charged which counting child labors moreover estimates that in 2004 218 million Laborers in the world (ILO 2006).Most of these working children are helping their family at home, on the family farm, or in the family business. Consequently not work by children should be classified as child labor that is to be targeted for elimination.
Children or adolescents who participate in work that it does not affect their health and personal development or interfere with the schooling, is generally regarded as being something positive. For example are some activities which are very helpful and necessary like assisting in a family business, helping their parents around the home, earning pocket money outside school hours probably during summer holidays.
5) CONCLUSION-YOUR OPININONNobody is able to dispute and ignore the disadvantages and problems which caused by child labor. It is very well known that exist children who are forced into labor against to their wishes, children that unfortunately used to be suffer who lose the opportunity to live a decent normal live peacefully with their family. Children, who do not have the chance to develop, go to school play some games. It is truly unfairly, painful, sad and everyone who read any paper of this must sensitize and consider about what he can do and what is impossible to change for children’s life by many different ways. On the other hand it will be a wrong idea to flatten all of ‘’jobs’’ whose made by children.
For example volunteering in many occasions and events by children does not hide any danger fir their lives. Especially in Greece, It is a usual phenomenon to watch sixteen years old girls to work as waitress in a café .I believe that if an employer and facilities cover all the labor laws about safety and health and disappear close to 1% the risk and danger a job would be a good experience which can offer positive things.
ILO (2004) “Child Labour – a textbook for university students” Available 2009-05-19 at http://www.ilo.org/ipecinfo/product/viewProduct.do?productId=174 Burns, H. Weston (2005) Child Labour and Human Rights – Making Children Matter. (page 3)
Boyden, Jo, Birgitta Ling and William Myers (1998) What Works for Working Children (page 87)
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