Chief of State

So how do you get to be this important person? In order to become Governor of the State of Texas, the selected individual must be elected indirectly by citizens of the State of Texas by winning the majority of the votes, and then once the individual passes this stage they must take an oath on Inauguration day in January. This is the final steps to confirm the individual in taking the steps required to become Governor of the State of Texas. Governors have to be a minimal of thirty years of age when they assume office, an American citizen, and a citizen of Texas for five years prior to election. The average age of a governor at inauguration has been forty to sixty years of age.

The governor will be successful in business or law, in fact, over half of the governors who have served in this century have been lawyers. They will also have a record of elective public service in state government or some other source of name recognition, and be a participant in service, social, and occupational organizations. Most governors in the past have been male. The only female governor of Texas before Ann Richards (1991 – 1995) was Miriam Ferguson (1925 – 1927 and 1933 -1935). All the former governors had been white Protestants, usually Methodist or Baptist. They have also been Anglo,

Page 2 with family names originating in the British Isles. Texas has always been a conservative to moderate state. It has also been a two- party state for top of the ticket elections. Republican candidates usually have the campaign funds to outspend the Democratic opponents, insuring the political image and name recognition and also able to identify and define the issues of the campaign. The candidate has to have money in any campaign for the Texas governor position. You don’t always have to have the most money to win but normally it helps. They also spend a hefty dollar amount for name recognition.

The Texas governor's serve a four year term. There is no limit on the number of terms that a governor can serve. The only way a governor can be removed from office is by impeachment. The impeachment comes from the House of Representatives and conviction by the senate. It only requires a simple majority of members present and conviction by the senate requires a two-thirds majority. If that should ever happen than the lieutenant governor becomes governor for the remainder of the elected term. Some people think that the governor makes a lot of money a year in salary.

But in reality, that do not make much. The salary is dictated by the legislature. As of today the set salary is $115,345 a year. The governor is one of the highest paid governors compared to other state governors. The weird thing about this is that there are nine other Texas state officials that earn more than the governor of Texas. The Governor has several powers and duties. Each important and critical in his position.

The governors powers and duties are Appointing other Officials, New Legislation, Budgeting, Pardons and Paroles, commander in chief, and chief of Page 3 state. Even though the governor has all of these roles that he or she simultaneously plays, at times these roles can come into conflict with each other. The governor serves as the commander in chief of the state armed forces. This includes all National Guard units as well as any voluntary state defense forces. The governor has the ability to utilize these forces for any state of emergency which may occur during his tenure. This can include natural disasters, acts of war or terrorism, and situations in which local authorities are unable to properly respond.

A number of positions within the state government are held by appointees. These may include advisers, task force members and administrators. The governor is responsible for appointing state citizens to fill each of these positions. In addition, in the event that an elected official leaves office suddenly and unexpectedly, the governor has the authority to fill that position until another election can be held. The governor has the final authority on all pardons and paroles for state offenses within Texas. This means that she has the final say on stays of execution as well as pardoning previously convicted criminals. This power does not apply to federal convictions or convictions from other states.

The governor is charged with reporting to the Legislature at the beginning of every regular session on the overall condition of the state. This report proves vital in the planning and legislative process in that it serves to provide direction for the state government to more effectively serve the people. Additionally, the governor holds the power of the veto and has the authority to enforce the veto on any bill passed which conflicts with other federal or state laws. Lastly, the governor has the authority to Page 4 preside over special sessions of the Legislature. This is done very rarely so as to ensure the separation of the two branches.

In addition to presenting an annual report to Legislature on the overall condition of the state, the governor also prepares a financial report and submits a proposed two-year budget to the Legislature during each regular session. This allows for the state government to adapt to changing economic conditions which may have been unforeseen.

So what’s next for a Texas governor? The success of state governors in the Presidential arena in recent years, along with Texas’s status as the second most populous state, has led to plenty of talk about governor’s as potential presidents. But with the exception of George W. Bush, Texas governors have not often used the office as a springboard into national politics. Governors have been more successful pursuing political, legal, and business opportunities in Texas than they have been in becoming national leaders.

In conclusion, has you can read, The Governor of the State of Texas plays an important role. We can learn from him or her many things that are formal in our Texas governmental ways. After researching this topic, I feel comfortable knowing that I can say that I now know what his duties are and what it means to be the Governor of the State of Texas. He or she will always have to be well prepared for anything. But has you know we will continue to roll out some good presidential canadates like we have for many years in the past.

Bibliography

-------------------------------------------- [ 1 ]. Maxwell, William Earl, Ernest Crain, Luther Guy Hagard, and Richard H. Kraemer. Texas politics today. St. Paul: West Pub. Co., 1978. Print. [ 2 ]. Maxwell, William Earl, Ernest Crain, Luther Guy Hagard, and Richard H. Kraemer. Texas politics today. St. Paul: West Pub. Co., 1978. Print. [ 3 ]. Duffey, Jennifer B.. "The Duties of the Governor of Texas | eHow.com." eHow | How to Videos, Articles & More - Discover the expert in you. | eHow.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 5 Dec. 2012. . [ 4 ]. Duffey, Jennifer B.. "The Duties of the Governor of Texas | eHow.com." eHow | How to Videos, Articles & More - Discover the expert in you. | eHow.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 5 Dec. 2012. . [ 5 ]. "The Texas Governor and the Bureaucracy in Texas." Docstoc – We Make Every Small Business Better. N.p., n.d. Web. 6 Dec. 2012. .