Chapter 2 Federal Goverment

1. Discuss the developments that led to the American Revolution. pg ref 27-32, Learning Objective (LO) 2. 1 The Purpose that led to the American Revolution also called the “Seven Year War” was because of the trade and taxation that was happing between Britain and the French. The developments of the commercial and industry and a favorable balance of trade, which Britain was really strict on import/export control on the colonies. 2. Explain what inspired the Constitutional Convention in 1787. pg 33-34, LO 2.

2 The Constitutional Convention was inspired because the economic turmoil and with domestic tranquility had going crazy so congress passe3d a official resolution. This was the purpose of “the sole and expressing of revising the Articles of Confederation. 3. Describe the system of checks and balances created by the Framers. pg 38-43, LO 2. 4 The system check and balances was created to ensure that government power won’t be abusive manner and to give each branch power and control the actions of one another.

This also meant separation powers that divided power for the tree branches and give each branch independence ensured by the constitution. 4. Describe the meaning and purpose of the Ninth Amendment. pg 43-46. lo 2. 5 The meaning and purpose of the ninth amendment was guaranteeing that the rights enumerated in the constitution would not be construed as denying or jeopardizing other rights of the people.

5. Describe the differences between the First and Second Continental 27-32, lo 2. 1 The First Continental Congress means meeting held in Philadelphia from September 5 to October 26, 1774, in which fifty-six delegates(from every colony except Georgia )adopted a resolution in opposition to the Coercive Act. Second Continental Congress means meeting that convened in Philadelphia on May 10, 1775, at which it was decided that an army should be raised and George Washington of Virginia was named commander in chief. 6. Describe the Virginia 34-38, lo 2.

3 The Virginia Plan the first general plan for the Constitution offered in Philadelphia . Its key point were a bicameral legislature, as well as an executive and a judiciary chosen by the national legislature. The key features included: Creation of a powerful central government with three branches, A two house legislature with one house elected directly by the people, the other chosen from among persons nominated by the state legislatures.