Zorach v. Clauson

PETITIONER: Zorach
RESPONDENT: Clauson
LOCATION:

DOCKET NO.: 431
DECIDED BY: Vinson Court (1949-1953)
LOWER COURT:

ARGUED: Jan 31, 1952 / Feb 01, 1952
DECIDED: Apr 28, 1952

Facts of the case

In the aftermath of the Supreme Court's decision in McCollum v. Board of Education, New York City began a program in which students in public schools could be dismissed from classroom activities for certain periods to participate in religious instruction elsewhere. In McCollum, the Court disallowed an Illinois program in which representatives of religious groups came to public schools and taught classes during the school day. New York's "released time" program was upheld by the New York Court of Appeals.

Question

Did the New York program violate the Establishment Clause of the First Amendment?