Youngstown Sheet & Tube Company v. Sawyer

PETITIONER: Youngstown Sheet & Tube Company
RESPONDENT: Charles Sawyer, Secretary of Commerce
LOCATION: U.S. Department of Labor

DOCKET NO.: 744
DECIDED BY: Vinson Court (1949-1953)
LOWER COURT: United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit

ARGUED: May 12, 1952 / May 13, 1952
DECIDED: Jun 02, 1952

ADVOCATES:
Arthur J. Goldberg - as amicus curiae, by special leave of Court
Harold C. Heiss - as amicus curiae, by special leave of Court
John W. Davis - for the petitioners in No. 744 and the respondents in No. 745
Philip B. Perlman - Solicitor General, Department of Justice, for the respondent in No. 744 and the petitioner in No. 745
Clifford C. O'Brien - as amicus curiae, by special leave of Court

Facts of the case

In April of 1952, during the Korean War, President Truman issued an executive order directing Secretary of Commerce Charles Sawyer to seize and operate most of the nation's steel mills. This was done in order to avert the expected effects of a strike by the United Steelworkers of America.

Question

Did the President have the constitutional authority to seize and operate the steel mills?