DOCKET NO.: 3
DECIDED BY: Taft Court (1925-1930)
ARGUED: Mar 18, 1926
DECIDED: May 16, 1927
Facts of the case
Charlotte Anita Whitney, a member of the Communist Labor Party of California, was prosecuted under that state’s Criminal Syndicalism Act. The Act prohibited advocating, teaching, or aiding the commission of a crime, including “terrorism as a means of accomplishing a change in industrial ownership. . .or effecting any political change.”
Did the Criminal Syndicalism Act violate the First or Fourteenth Amendments?