Whitney v. California

PETITIONER: Whitney
RESPONDENT: California
LOCATION:

DOCKET NO.: 3
DECIDED BY: Taft Court (1925-1930)
LOWER COURT:

ARGUED: Mar 18, 1926
DECIDED: May 16, 1927

Facts of the case

Charlotte Anita Whitney, a member of the Communist Labor Party of California, was prosecuted under that state's Criminal Syndicalism Act. The Act prohibited advocating, teaching, or aiding the commission of a crime, including "terrorism as a means of accomplishing a change in industrial ownership. . .or effecting any political change."

Question

Did the Criminal Syndicalism Act violate the First or Fourteenth Amendments?