Village of Euclid v. Ambler Realty Company

PETITIONER: Village of Euclid, Ohio
RESPONDENT: Ambler Realty Company
LOCATION:

DOCKET NO.: 31
DECIDED BY: Taft Court (1925-1930)
LOWER COURT:

ARGUED: Jan 27, 1926 / Oct 12, 1926
DECIDED: Nov 22, 1926

Facts of the case

The Ambler Realty Company owned 68 acres of land in the village of Euclid, Ohio, a suburb of Cleveland. On November 13, 1922, the village council passed a zoning ordinance dividing the village into several districts. The ordinance defined the use and size of buildings permissible in each district. Ambler Realty's land spanned multiple districts, and the company was therefore significantly restricted in the types of buildings it could construct on the land. Ambler Realty filed suit against the village, claiming the ordinance violated the Fourteenth Amendment's protections of liberty and property described in the Due Process and Equal Protection clauses. A federal district court agreed and issued an injunction against enforcement of the ordinance.

Question

Did the village of Euclid's zoning ordinance violate Ambler Realty's rights to liberty and property under the Due Process and Equal Protection clauses of the Fourteenth Amendment?