Swift and Company v. United States

PETITIONER: Swift and Company
RESPONDENT: United States
LOCATION:

DOCKET NO.: 103
DECIDED BY: Fuller Court (1903-1906)
LOWER COURT:

ARGUED: Jan 06, 1905 / Jan 09, 1905
DECIDED: Jan 30, 1905

Facts of the case

A "meat trust" developed in Chicago, in which major dealers of meat agreed not to bid against one another in order to control prices. The trust also pressured the railroads into charging them lower-than-normal rates. The U.S. government attacked the trust as an unlawful economic monopoly.

Question

Did Congress have the authority to regulate the meat trust under the Sherman Anti-Trust Act?