Sweatt v. Painter

PETITIONER: Heman Marion Sweatt
RESPONDENT: Theophilis Shickel Painter
LOCATION: University of Texas Law School

DOCKET NO.: 44
DECIDED BY: Vinson Court (1949-1953)
LOWER COURT: Supreme Court of Texas

ARGUED: Apr 04, 1950
DECIDED: Jun 05, 1950

ADVOCATES:
Thurgood Marshall - for the petitioner
Joe R. Greenhill - for the respondents
Price Daniel - for the respondents
W. J. Durham - for the petitioner

Facts of the case

In 1946, Heman Marion Sweatt, a black man, applied for admission to the University of Texas Law School. State law restricted access to the university to whites, and Sweatt's application was automatically rejected because of his race. When Sweatt asked the state courts to order his admission, the university attempted to provide separate but equal facilities for black law students.

Question

Did the Texas admissions scheme violate the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment?