DOCKET NO.: 609
DECIDED BY: White Court (1916-1921)
ARGUED: Mar 02, 1920
DECIDED: Apr 19, 1920
Facts of the case
In December 1916, the United States and Great Britain entered into a treaty to protect a number of migratory birds in the U.S. and Canada. Congress passed the Migratory Bird Treaty Act in 1918 in order to facilitate enforcement of the treaty. When Ray P. Holland, the U.S. Game Warden, threatened to arrest citizens of Missouri for violating the Act, the state of Missouri challenged the treaty.
Did the treaty infringe upon rights reserved to the states by the Tenth Amendment?