State of Missouri v. Holland Case Brief

Facts of the case

In December 1916, the United States and Great Britain entered into a treaty to protect a number of migratory birds in the U.S. and Canada. Congress passed the Migratory Bird Treaty Act in 1918 in order to facilitate enforcement of the treaty. When Ray P. Holland, the U.S. Game Warden, threatened to arrest citizens of Missouri for violating the Act, the state of Missouri challenged the treaty. The state argued that the constitution gave Congress no enumerated power to regulate migratory bird hunting, and thus the regulation of such hunting was the province of the states according to the Tenth Amendment.


  • Advocates: –
  • Petitioner: State of Missouri
  • Respondent: Holland
  • DECIDED BY:White Court
  • Location: –
Citation: 252 US 416 (1920)
Argued: Mar 2, 1920
Decided: Apr 19, 1920
State of Missouri v. Holland Case Brief