Rhodes v. Chapman

LOCATION:1980 Democratic National Convention, Madison Square Garden

DOCKET NO.: 80-332
DECIDED BY: Burger Court (1975-1981)
LOWER COURT: United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit

CITATION: 452 US 337 (1981)
ARGUED: Mar 02, 1981
DECIDED: Jun 15, 1981

Allen P. Adler – on behalf of the Petitioners
Jean P. Kamp – on behalf of the Respondents

Facts of the case

The plaintiffs were two condemners who were during the sentence in one cell in maximum security prison, located in Ohio. They brought a suit before the district court, affirming that state officials infringed their constitutional rights by this “double celling.” The appellants stated that such conditions of imprisonment contradicted with the Eighth Amendment that prohibited any unusual or cruel punishments. The case study of the first judgement in Rhodes v. Chapman explained that prisoners were sentenced to a long-lasting punishments; the number of the inmates exceeded the normal rate defined by its capacity for 38%; the study showed that each prisoner should have 555 square feet of place instead of the 63 square feet; assumptions that two convicts of one cell spend the most of their time with each other; and the view that such living conditions in the prison were permanent. Following these facts, the judges shared the position of plaintiffs.