Nixon v. Fitzgerald

PETITIONER: Nixon
RESPONDENT: Fitzgerald
LOCATION: Residence of Fitzgerald

DOCKET NO.: 79-1738
DECIDED BY: Burger Court (1981-1986)
LOWER COURT: United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit

CITATION: 457 US 731 (1982)
ARGUED: Nov 30, 1981
DECIDED: Jun 24, 1982

ADVOCATES:
Elliot L. Richardson - on behalf of the Petitioners Harlow and Butterfield
Herbert J. Miller, Jr. - Argued the cause for the petitioner
John E. Nolan, Jr. - Argued the cause for the respondent

Facts of the case

In 1968, Fitzgerald, then a civilian analyst with the United States Air Force, testified before a congressional committee about inefficiencies and cost overruns in the production of the C-5A transport plane. Roughly one year later he was fired, an action for which President Nixon took responsibility. Fitzgerald then sued Nixon for damages after the Civil Service Commission concluded that his dismissal was unjust.

Question

Was the President immune from prosecution in a civil suit?

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