McCulloch v. Maryland

PETITIONER: McCulloch
RESPONDENT: Maryland
LOCATION: Baltimore, Maryland

DOCKET NO.: None
DECIDED BY: Marshall Court (1812-1823)
LOWER COURT:

ARGUED: Feb 22, 1819 / Feb 23, 1819 / Feb 24, 1819 / Feb 25, 1819 / Feb 26, 1819 / Feb 27, 1819 / Mar 01, 1819 / Mar 02, 1819 / Mar 03, 1819
DECIDED: Mar 06, 1819

ADVOCATES:
Daniel Webster - for McCulloch
William Wirt - for McCulloch
William Pinkney - for McCulloch
Luther Martin - for Maryland

Facts of the case

In 1816, Congress chartered The Second Bank of the United States. In 1818, the state of Maryland passed legislation to impose taxes on the bank. James W. McCulloch, the cashier of the Baltimore branch of the bank, refused to pay the tax.

Question

  1. Did Congress have the authority to establish the bank?
  2. Did the Maryland law unconstitutionally interfere with congressional powers?