Martin v. City of Struthers

PETITIONER: Martin
RESPONDENT: City of Struthers, Ohio
LOCATION:

DOCKET NO.: 238
DECIDED BY: Stone Court (1943-1945)
LOWER COURT:

ARGUED: Mar 11, 1943
DECIDED: May 03, 1943

Facts of the case

Martin was a Jehovah's Witness in Struthers, Ohio. She canvassed neighborhoods knocking on doors and ringing doorbells to distribute leaflets promoting a meeting. She was convicted and fined $10 for violating a city ordinance that prohibited a person who was distributing leaflets and other flyers from knocking on doors and ringing doorbells. She appealed her conviction in the Circuit Court of Mahoning County, alleging that the city ordinance violated her First Amendment free speech and free press rights. The Circuit Court upheld the ordinance and her conviction. The Supreme Court of Ohio dismissed her appeal.

Question

Did the city ordinance prohibiting the ringing of doorbells and knocking on doors by a person distributing promotional materials violate the free speech and free press clauses of the First Amendment?