Madison County v. Oneida Indian Nation

PETITIONER: Madison County, New York
RESPONDENT: Oneida Indian Nation of New York
LOCATION: United States District Court for the Northern District of New York

DOCKET NO.: 10-72
DECIDED BY: Roberts Court (2010-2016)
LOWER COURT: United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit

CITATION: 562 US 42 (2011)
GRANTED: Oct 12, 2010
DECIDED: Jan 10, 2011

Facts of the case

In 2005, U.S. District Judge David Hurd barred Oneida and Madison counties in New York from foreclosing on Oneida Indian Nation-owned properties on which taxes haven't been paid. The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit affirmed, noting that the counties don't have the right to sue an Indian tribe unless Congress has authorized the lawsuit or the tribe has waived its legal immunity.

Question

(1)Does tribal sovereign immunity from suit prevent taxing authorities from foreclosing to collect lawfully imposed property taxes?

(2) Is the ancient Oneida reservation in New York disestablished or diminished?