King v. St. Vincent's Hospital

PETITIONER: King
RESPONDENT: St. Vincent's Hospital
LOCATION: Mississippi Governor's Office

DOCKET NO.: 90-889
DECIDED BY: Rehnquist Court (1991-1993)
LOWER COURT: United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit

CITATION: 502 US 215 (1991)
ARGUED: Oct 16, 1991
DECIDED: Dec 16, 1991

ADVOCATES:
Amy L. Wax - on behalf of the Petitioner
Harry L. Hopkins - on behalf of the Respondent

Facts of the case

Question

Media for King v. St. Vincent's Hospital

Audio Transcription for Oral Argument - October 16, 1991 in King v. St. Vincent's Hospital

Audio Transcription for Opinion Announcement - December 16, 1991 in King v. St. Vincent's Hospital

William H. Rehnquist:

The opinion of the Court in No.90-889, King versus Saint Vincent's Hospital will be announced by Justice Souter.

David H. Souter:

This case comes to us on writ of certiorari to the Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit.

We took the case to resolve a split between the Third, Fifth, and Eleventh Circuits on the one hand and the Fourth Circuit on the other on the question whether 38 U.S. Code 2024(d) implicitly limits the length of military service after which a member of the military protected by this Section retains a right to reemployment in the civilian job he filed prior to his duty.

We reverse the Eleventh Circuit and holding that the statute provides no such limitations.

Nothing in the plain language of the Section limits the duration of such military leaves and the structure of the statutory scheme fails to support the hospital's argument that the benefit provided by the Section falls at the bottom of a hierarchy of employment rights so as to indicate congressional intent to limit the provision's protection to those whose leave request are found to be reasonable.

The opinion is joined by all members of the Court except Justice Thomas who took no part in the consideration or decision of the case.