Why is the case important?
Pursuant to the Immigration and Nationality Act (the Act), which authorized either House of Congress to invalidate and suspend deportation rulings of the United States Attorney General (Attorney General), the House of Representatives (the House) suspended an immigration judge’s deportation ruling regarding Chadha.
Facts of the case
In one section of the Immigration and Nationality Act, Congress authorized either House of Congress to invalidate and suspend deportation rulings of the United States Attorney General. Chadha had stayed in the U.S. past his visa deadline. Though Chadha conceded that he was deportable, an immigration judge suspended his deportation. The House of Representatives voted without debate or recorded vote to deport Chadha. This case was decided together with United States House of Representatives v. Chadha and United States Senate v. Chadha.
Was the part of the Act authorizing a one House veto constitutional?
No. The Act violated explicit constitutional standards of lawmaking and congressional authority.
The House took action that had the purpose and effect of altering the legal rights, duties and regulations of persons, including the Attorney General, Executive Branch officials and Chadha, all outside of the legislative branch. When the House takes such actions it must comply with the requirements of Article I regarding bicameralism and presentment.
“The deportation stands or falls on the validity of the challenged veto
- Case Brief: 1983
- Appellant: Chadha
- Appellee: Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS)
- Decided by: Burger Court
Citation: 462 US 919 (1983)
Argued: Feb 22, 1982
ReArgued: Dec 7, 1982
Decided: Jun 23, 1983