Grovey v. Townsend

PETITIONER: R. R. Grovey
RESPONDENT: Townsend
LOCATION:

DOCKET NO.: 563
DECIDED BY: Hughes Court (1932-1937)
LOWER COURT:

ARGUED: Mar 11, 1935
DECIDED: Apr 01, 1935

Facts of the case

R. R. Grovey, an African-American, attempted to vote in the Democratic primary election held on July 28, 1934 and was denied a ballot by the county clerk specifically because of his race. The whites-only restriction of the Texas Democratic Party had been passed by a convention in May 1932. Grovey sued, arguing the restriction violated his rights under the Fifteenth Amendment and the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment. A Justice Court in Texas denied his claim.

Question

Did the Democratic Party's refusal to allow Grovey a ballot in the primary election violate his rights under the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments?