Groves v. Slaughter

PETITIONER: Groves
RESPONDENT: Slaughter
LOCATION:

DOCKET NO.: None
DECIDED BY: Taney Court (1841-1842)
LOWER COURT:

ARGUED: Feb 12, 1841 / Feb 13, 1841 / Feb 15, 1841 / Feb 16, 1841 / Feb 17, 1841 / Feb 18, 1841 / Feb 19, 1841
DECIDED: Mar 10, 1841

Facts of the case

Slaughter took a group of slaves to Mississippi to sell them. He accepted partial payment. The note fell due but remained unpaid. A federal court eventually held that Slaughter was entitled to recover the amount of the contract. However, a state constitutional provision adopted prior to Slaughter's sale prohibited his transaction.

Question

Does the Mississippi constitutional provision banning importation and sale of slaves unconstitutionally encroach on congressional commerce power?