Franklin v. Gwinnett County Public Schools

PETITIONER: Christine Franklin
RESPONDENT: Gwinnett County Public Schools, William Prescott
LOCATION: North Gwinnett High School

DOCKET NO.: 90-918
DECIDED BY: Rehnquist Court (1991-1993)
LOWER COURT: United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit

CITATION: 503 US 60 (1992)
ARGUED: Dec 11, 1991
DECIDED: Feb 26, 1992
GRANTED: Jun 10, 1991

ADVOCATES:
Albert M. Pearson, III - on behalf of the Respondents
Joel I. Klein - on behalf of the Petitioner
Stephen L. Nightingale - on behalf of the United States, as amicus curiae, supporting the Respondents

Facts of the case

Andrew Hill, a teacher at North Gwinnett High School, sexually harassed Christine Franklin throughout her 10th grade year. Franklin reported the harassment to teachers and school district administrators, but the administration did nothing. They also encouraged Franklin to refrain from pressing charges. Hill resigned in 1988 on the condition that all matters pending against him were dropped. After Hill’s resignation the school closed its investigation.

Franklin brought this action against the school district under Title IX of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 for failing to take action against Hill. The district court dismissed the suit, holding that Title IX did not authorize an award for damages. The U.S. Court of Appeals for the 11th Circuit affirmed.

Question

Does Title IX allow recovery of monetary damages?

Media for Franklin v. Gwinnett County Public Schools

Audio Transcription for Oral Argument - December 11, 1991 in Franklin v. Gwinnett County Public Schools

Audio Transcription for Opinion Announcement - February 26, 1992 in Franklin v. Gwinnett County Public Schools

William H. Rehnquist:

The opinion of the Court in No. 90-918, Franklin versus Gwinnett County Public Schools will be announced by Justice White.

Byron R. White:

For the reasons stated in an opinion on file with the Clerk, the judgment of the Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit is reversed and the case is remanded for further proceedings, and this opinion is not unanimous.

Justice Scalia has filed a concurring opinion and is joined by the Chief Justice and Justice Thomas.